Alejandra Pascual-Garrido

Dr Alejandra Pascual-Garrido

Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellow

Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art
Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Rd, Oxford, OX1 3QY

Tel: +44 (0)1865 285203

Fax: +44 (0)1865 285220


Research Interests

I am an Argentinean-Spanish primatologist and conservationist with particular expertise in the behaviour and ecology of monkeys and apes. I hold a 3-yr Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship, following on from a postdoctoral position in Primate Archaeology at Oxford University. I also have an MSc in Scientific Journalism (Argentina), an MSc in Biological Sciences (UK), as well as a PhD in Psychology / Evolutionary Theory (Spain) for my work on the socioecology and tool use of Nigerian chimpanzees. My field experience extends to research in the behaviour and ecology of wild non-human primates in West and East Africa, South-East Asia and South-America (chimpanzees, baboons, macaques, capuchins, tamarins). Field experience also extends to population ecology (dormice, badgers, lamas), insects (ants, bees, termites) and plant ecology (tropical West Africa rainforest, Argentinean pampa), as well as laboratory work in molecular biology. My current research focuses on wild chimpanzee ecology and cognition related to tool-aided insectivory. Across Africa, these apes manufacture tools from different parts of plants - grass, leaves, bark, vine, branches, etc. -, which they then discard at resource extraction sites. I am particularly interested in reconstructing behaviour via in-situ measurements of the abandoned implements as well as from the plants used as tool raw material, thus contributing to the emerging paradigm of “Primate Archaeology”. This approach has significant relevance and potential for our interpretation of archaeological sites, given the absence of direct observations on early hominins.

Primary Geographic Area

West and East Africa, Southeast-Asia and South-America.

Current Activities/Projects

2014-2017 Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellowship, “Mapping chimpanzee artefacts: What can they reveal about hominin evolution?”

Current Grants

2016–2017 The Boise Trust Fund Research Award, University of Oxford

2014–2017 Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellowship

2014–2015 The Boise Trust Fund Research Award, University of Oxford 

Journal Articles & Conference Proceedings

Pascual-Garrido A (submitted). Scars on plants sourced for termite fishing tools by chimpanzees: Towards an archaeology of the perishable.  American Journal of Primatology

Pascual-Garrido A (2017). Termite fishing by Mahale chimpanzees: Revisited, decades later. Pan Africa News 24(2):15-19

Almeida-Warren K, Sommer V, Piel A, Pascual-Garrido A (2017). Raw material procurement for termite fishing tools by wild chimpanzees in the Issa valley, western Tanzania. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 164:292-304

Haslam M, Hernandez-Aguilar A, Arroyo A, Falótico T, Fragaszy D, Gumert M, Harris J, Huffman M, Kalan A, Malaivijitnond S, Matsuzawa T, McGrew W, Ottoni E, Pascual-Garrido A, Piel A, Proffitt T, Pruetz J, Schuppli C, Stewart F, Tan A, Visalberghi E, Luncz L (2017). Primate archaeology evolves. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1:1431-1437

Scheffrahn R, Bourguignon T, Bordereau C, Hernandez-Aguilar A, Oelze V, Dieguez P, Sobotnik J, Pascual-Garrido A (2017). White-gutted soldiers: simplification of the digestive tube for a non-particulate diet in higher Old World termites (Isoptera: Termitidae). Insectes Sociaux 64:525-533

Sommer V, Buba U, Jesus G, Pascual-Garrido A (2016). Sustained myrmecophagy in Nigerian chimpanzees: Preferred or fallback food? American Journal of Physical Anthropology 162:328–336

Buba U, Sommer V, Jesus G, Pascual-Garrido A (2016). Constructing social identity? Potential non-nutritional functions of chimpanzee insectivory. (Abstracts, Chimpanzees in Context Meeting, 18–20 Aug 2016, Chicago). PeerJ Preprints 4:e1845v1

Haslam M, Luncz L, Pascual-Garrido A, Falótico T,Malaivijitnond S, Gumert M (2016). Archaeological excavation of wild macaque stone tools. Journal of Human Evolution (News and Views) 96:134–138

Haslam M, Pascual-Garrido A, MalaivijitnondS, Gumert M (2016). Stone tool transport by wild macaques. Journal of Archaeological Sciences 7:408–413.

Luncz L, Falótico T, Pascual-Garrido A, Mosley H, Corat C, Haslam M (2016). Wild capuchin monkeys adjust stone tools according to changing nut properties. Scientific Reports 6:33089

Pascual-Garrido A, Sommer V, Almeida-Warren K (2016). Raw material procurement for termite fishing tools in wild chimpanzees. (Abstracts, Chimpanzees in Context Meeting, 18–20 Aug 2016, Chicago). PeerJ Preprints 4:e1844v1

Wondra EM, van Casteren A, Pascual-Garrido A, Stewart FA, Piel AK (2016). A new report of chimpanzee ant-fishing from the Issa valley, Tanzania. African Primates 11:1-18

Pascual-Garrido A, Buba U, Allon O, Sommer V (2013). Apes finding ants: Predator-prey dynamics in a chimpanzee habitat in Nigeria. American Journal of Primatology 75:1231–1244

Allon O, Pascual-Garrido A, Sommer V (2012). Army ant defensive behaviour and chimpanzee predation success: Field experiments in Nigeria. Journal of Zoology 288:231–302

Pascual-Garrido A, Buba U, Nodza G, Sommer V (2012). Obtaining raw material: Plants as tool sources for Nigerian chimpanzees. Folia Primatologica 83:24–44

Sommer V, Buba U, Jesus G, Pascual-Garrido A (2012). Till the last drop. Honey-gathering in Nigerian chimpanzees. Ecotropica 18:55–64.

Fowler A, Pascual-Garrido A, Buba U, Tranquilli S, Akosim C, Schöning C, Sommer V (2011). Panthropology of the fourth chimpanzee. A contribution to cultural primatology. Pp. 451–492 (Ch. 13) in Volker Sommer & Caroline Ross (eds.), Primates of Gashaka. Socioecology and Conservation in Nigeria's Biodiversity Hotspot. Springer: New York

Pascual-Garrido A, Allon O, Sommer V (2011). Ants and apes: army ant harvesting strategies of Nigerian chimpanzees. (Primate Society of Great Britain, Winter meeting ‘Gombe 50’, London 08–09 Dec 2010). Primate Eye 103:16f

Pascual-Garrido A, Allon O, Schöning C, Sommer V (2009). Army ant consumption by Nigerian chimpanzees: Constraints of prey ecology and ape harvesting strategies. (Abstracts, 2nd Iberian Primatological Conference, 01–03 Oct 2009, Madrid). Folia Primatologica 80:402

files/APG/APG1.jpg     files/APG/APG7.png

Fieldwork in Tanzania on chimpanzee termite-fishing 


Fieldwork in Thailand on stone tool use of long-tailed macaques

files/APG/APG9.png     files/APG/APG10.png

Fieldwork in Brazil on stone tool use of capuchin monkeys


Fieldwork in Nigeria on chimpanzee insectivory and the stick tools they use

School of Archaeology > People > Dr Alejandra Pascual-Garrido