I am an Argentinean-Spanish primatologist and conservationist with particular expertise in the behaviour and ecology of monkeys and apes. I hold a 3-yr Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship, following on from a postdoctoral position in Primate Archaeology at Oxford University. I also have an MSc in Scientific Journalism (Argentina), an MSc in Biological Sciences (UK), as well as a PhD in Psychology / Evolutionary Theory (Spain) for my work on the socioecology and tool use of Nigerian chimpanzees. My field experience extends to research in the behaviour and ecology of wild non-human primates in West and East Africa, South-East Asia and South-America (chimpanzees, baboons, macaques, capuchins, tamarins). Field experience also extends to population ecology (dormice, badgers, lamas), insects (ants, bees, termites) and plant ecology (tropical West Africa rainforest, Argentinean pampa), as well as laboratory work in molecular biology. My current research focuses on wild chimpanzee ecology and cognition related to tool-aided insectivory. Across Africa, these apes manufacture tools from different parts of plants - grass, leaves, bark, vine, branches, etc. -, which they then discard at resource extraction sites. I am particularly interested in reconstructing behaviour via in-situ measurements of the abandoned implements as well as from the plants used as tool raw material, thus contributing to the emerging paradigm of “Primate Archaeology”. This approach has significant relevance and potential for our interpretation of archaeological sites, given the absence of direct observations on early hominins.
Primary Geographic Area
West and East Africa, Southeast-Asia and South-America.
2014-2017 Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellowship, “Mapping chimpanzee artefacts: What can they reveal about hominin evolution?”
2016–2017 The Boise Trust Fund Research Award, University of Oxford
2014–2017 Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellowship
2014–2015 The Boise Trust Fund Research Award, University of Oxford
Journal Articles & Conference Proceedings
Almeida-Warren K, Sommer V, Piel A, Pascual-Garrido A (submitted). Raw material procurement for termite fishing tools by wild chimpanzees in the Issa valley, western Tanzania. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.
Haslam M, Hernandez-Aguilar A, Arroyo A […] Pascual-Garrido A, et al. (submitted). Primate archaeology evolves. Nature Ecology & Evolution.
Scheffrahn R, Bordereau C, Hernandez-Aguilar A, Oelze V, Dieguez P, Sobotnik J, Pascual-Garrido A (submitted). White-gutted soldiers: simplification of the digestive tube for a non-particulate diet in soil-feeding termites. Insectes Sociaux.
Sommer V, Buba U, Jesus G, Pascual-Garrido A (2016). Sustained myrmecophagy in Nigerian chimpanzees: Preferred or fallback food? American Journal of Physical Anthropology 162:328–336
Buba U, Sommer V, Jesus G, Pascual-Garrido A (2016). Constructing social identity? Potential non-nutritional functions of chimpanzee insectivory. (Abstracts, Chimpanzees in Context Meeting, 18–20 Aug 2016, Chicago). PeerJ Preprints 4:e1845v1
Haslam M, Luncz L, Pascual-Garrido A, Falótico T, Malaivijitnond S, Gumert M (2016). Archaeological excavation of wild macaque stone tools. Journal of Human Evolution (News and Views) 96:134–138
Haslam M, Pascual-Garrido A, Malaivijitnond S, Gumert M (2016). Stone tool transport by wild macaques. Journal of Archaeological Sciences 7:408–413.
Luncz L, Falótico T, Pascual-Garrido A, Mosley H, Corat C, Haslam M (2016). Wild capuchin monkeys adjust stone tools according to changing nut properties. Scientific Reports 6:33089
Pascual-Garrido A, Sommer V, Almeida-Warren K (2016). Raw material procurement for termite fishing tools in wild chimpanzees. (Abstracts, Chimpanzees in Context Meeting, 18–20 Aug 2016, Chicago). PeerJ Preprints 4:e1844v1
Wondra EM, van Casteren A, Pascual-Garrido A, Stewart FA, Piel AK (2016). A new report of chimpanzee ant-fishing from the Issa valley, Tanzania. African Primates 11:1-18
Pascual-Garrido A, Buba U, Allon O, Sommer V (2013). Apes finding ants: Predator-prey dynamics in a chimpanzee habitat in Nigeria. American Journal of Primatology 75:1231–1244
Allon O, Pascual-Garrido A, Sommer V (2012). Army ant defensive behaviour and chimpanzee predation success: Field experiments in Nigeria. Journal of Zoology 288:231–302
Pascual-Garrido A, Buba U, Nodza G, Sommer V (2012). Obtaining raw material: Plants as tool sources for Nigerian chimpanzees. Folia Primatologica 83:24–44
Sommer V, Buba U, Jesus G, Pascual-Garrido A (2012). Till the last drop. Honey-gathering in Nigerian chimpanzees. Ecotropica 18:55–64.
Fowler A, Pascual-Garrido A, Buba U, Tranquilli S, Akosim C, Schöning C, Sommer V (2011). Panthropology of the fourth chimpanzee. A contribution to cultural primatology. Pp. 451–492 (Ch. 13) in Volker Sommer & Caroline Ross (eds.), Primates of Gashaka. Socioecology and Conservation in Nigeria's Biodiversity Hotspot. Springer: New York
Pascual-Garrido A, Allon O, Sommer V (2011). Ants and apes: army ant harvesting strategies of Nigerian chimpanzees. (Primate Society of Great Britain, Winter meeting ‘Gombe 50’, London 08–09 Dec 2010). Primate Eye 103:16f
Pascual-Garrido A, Allon O, Schöning C, Sommer V (2009). Army ant consumption by Nigerian chimpanzees: Constraints of prey ecology and ape harvesting strategies. (Abstracts, 2nd Iberian Primatological Conference, 01–03 Oct 2009, Madrid). Folia Primatologica 80:402