Gary Lock

Prof Gary Lock

Emeritus Professor of Archaeology

Institute of Archaeology
36 Beaumont St, Oxford, OX1 2PG


Tel: +44 (0)1865 278240

Fax: +44 (0)1865 278254

E-mail: gary.lock@arch.ox.ac.uk

Associated Research Projects

  • The Vale and Ridgeway Project (with C. Gosden)
  • The South Cadbury Environs Project (with Richard Tabor).
  • King's Low and Queen's Low (with The Stoke on Trent Museum Society).
  • The Sangro Valley Project Phase 1 (with A. Wilson, N. Christie, A. Faustoferri and others).
  • The Hillforts of the Ridgeway Project - Alfred's Castle (with C. Gosden).

Research Interests

  • Computer applications and quantitative methods in archaeology especially Geographical Information Systems, their application and theoretical aspects
  • Spatial archaeology, alternative forms of mapping
  • Landscape archaeology
  • British later prehistory (especially hillforts, their landscapes and meaning)

Current Activities

Publications

Forthcoming books:

(with J. Pouncett), Spatial thinking in Archaeology: towards a theory of practice (Indiana University Press - The Spatial Humanities series).

(with I. Ralston), The Atlas of hillforts of Britain and Ireland. Edinburgh University Press.

(with I. Ralston), Eds. Aspects of the Atlas of hillforts of Britain and Ireland: the final conference. Oxford: Archaeopress.

(with Mark Gillings and Piraye Hacıgüzeller), Eds. Archaeology and the Map: critique and practice. New York: Taylor and Francis.

(with Mark Gillings and Piraye Hacıgüzeller), Eds. Archaeological Spatial Analysis: A Methodological Guide. New York: Taylor and Francis.

Books:

Lock, G., Spicer R.D.  and Hollins, W. 2013. Excavations at King’s Low and Queen’s Low: two Early Bronze Age barrows in Tixall, North Staffordshire, Oxford: ArchaeoPress.

Gosden, C. and Lock, G. 2013. Histories in the making. Excavations at Alfred’s Castle 1998-2000. Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology Monograph 79.

Cunliffe, B. and Lock, G. 2010. A valley in La Rioja: The Najerilla Project. Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology Monograph 73.

Lock, G. & Faustoferri, A. (eds), 2008, Archaeology and landscape: papers in memory of J. A. Lloyd. , Oxford: School of Archaeology Monograph 69

Gosden, C., Hamerow, H., De Jersey, P. and Lock, G., 2007, Communities and Connections : Essays in Honour of Barry Cunliffe. Oxford : Oxford University Press

Lock, G. & Molyneaux, B., (eds) . 2006, Confronting Scale in Archaeology: issues of theory and practice, New York: Springer.

Fletcher, M. & Lock, G. 2005.  Digging Numbers: Elementary Statistics for Archaeologists. (Second Edition – expanded and revised), Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology.

Lock, G., Gosden, C. & Daly, P. 2005. Segsbury Camp. Excavations in 1996 and 1997 at an Iron Age hillfort on the Oxfordshire Ridgeway, Oxford: Oxford School of Archaeology Monograph 61.

Gosden, C., Lock, G., Miles, D.& Palmer, S. 2003. Uffington White Horse Hill and its Landscape: investigations at White Horse Hill, Uffington, 1989-95 and Tower Hill, Ashbury, 1993-4, Oxfordshire., Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology.

Lock, G. 2003. Using Computers in Archaeology. Towards virtual pasts, London: Routledge

Lock, G. (ed) 2000. Beyond the Map: Archaeology and Spatial Technologies. Amsterdam: IOS Press.

Lock, G. and Brown, K. (eds). 2000. On Theory and Practice in Archaeological Computing. Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology Monograph 51.

Lock, G. and Stancic, Z. (eds). 1995. Archaeology and Geographic Information Systems: A European Perspective. New York: Taylor and Francis.

 

Some recent selected book chapters:

Gosden, C. and Lock, G. 2007. The aesthetics of landscape on the Berkshire Downs, in C. Haselgrove and R. Pope (eds) The earlier Iron Age in Britain and the near continent. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 279-92.

Pouncett, J., and Lock, G. 2007. A Vector-based Approach to the Integration of Geophysical and Test-pitting Data: Phasing the South Cadbury Environs Project. In Clark, J.  and Hagemeister, E.M.(eds) Digital Discovery: Exploring New Frontiers in Human Heritage. Proceedings of the Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods Conference CAA2006, Fargo, pp.109-118.

Lock, G. and Pouncett, J. 2007. Network Analysis in archaeology session introduction: An introduction to Network Analysis. In Clark, J.  and Hagemeister, E.M.(eds) Digital Discovery: Exploring New Frontiers in Human Heritage. Proceedings of the Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods Conference CAA2006, Fargo, pp.71-74.

Pouncett, J. and Lock, G. 2008. Closest Facility Analysis: integration of geophysical and test-pitting data from the South Cadbury Environs Project, In A. Posluschny, K. Lambers and I Herzog (eds) Layers of Perception. Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA), Berlin, Germany, April 2-6, 2007, 1-6.

Lock, G. 2009. Human activity in a spatial context, in The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology edited by B. Cunliffe, C. Gosden and R. Joyce. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.169-188.

Lock, G. and Pouncett, J. 2009. GIS and landscape archaeology: the South Cadbury Environs Project. In GIS in the Humanities and Social Science International Conference Proceedings. Taipei: Academia Sinica, 347-363.

Lock, G. 2010. Representations of space and place in the Humanities, in The Spatial Humanities. GIS and the future of Humanities scholarship. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 89-108.

Lock. G. 2010. Prehistoric Oxfordshire. In Tiller, K. and Darkes, G. (eds) An Historical Atlas of Oxfordshire. Oxford: Oxfordshire Record Society, 10-13.

Lock, G. and Pouncett, J. 2010. Walking the Ridgeway revisited: the methodological and theoretical implications of scale dependency for the derivation of slope and calculation of least-cost pathways. In Frischer, B., Webb Crawford, J. and Koller, D. (eds). CAA2009 Making History Interactive. Proceedings of the CAA Conference, March 22-26, 2009, Williamsburg, Virginia. Oxford: BAR International Series 2079, 191-202.

Lock, G. and Pouncett, P. 2011. Modelling colluviation: land use and landscape change in the South Cadbury Environs. In Jerem, E., Redo, F. and Szeverenyi (eds) On the Road to Reconstructing the Past. Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Proceedings of the 36th International Conference, Budapest, April 2-6, 2008. Budapest: Archaeolingua, 240-248.

Wu, M-C. and Lock, G. 2012. The spatial construct of social relations: Human interaction and modelling agency. In Chrysanthi, A., Flores, P.M. and Papadopoulos, C. (eds) Thinking beyond the tool. Archaeological computing and the interpretive process. Oxford: BAR International Series 2344, 88-102.

G.Lock, M. Kormann and J.Pouncett. 2014. Visibility and Movement: towards a GIS-based integrated approach. In S. Polla and P. Verhagen (eds) Computational approaches to movement in archaeology. Theory, Practice and Interpretation of factors and effects of long term space formation and transformation. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter,  23-42.

Kormann, M. and Lock, G. 2013. Dynamic models to reconstruct ancient landscapes. In Contreras, F.,Farjas, M. and Melero, F.J. (eds) CAA 2010. Fusion of Cultures, Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Granada, Spain, April 2010, 169-76.

Kormann, M. and Lock, G. 2014. Exploring Differences: Implications for FCVA Visibility Indices and Scales of Analyses, in Kamermans, H., Godja, M. and Posluschny, A. (eds), A Sense of the Past. Studies in current archaeological applications of  remote sensing and non-invasive prospection methods. Oxford: BAR International Series 2588, 147-54.

Kormann, M. and Lock, G. 2013. Exploring the effects of curvature and refraction on GIS-based visibility studies. In Earl, G., Sly, T., Chrysanthi, A., Murrieta-Flores, P., Papadopoulos, C., Romanowska, I. and Wheatley, D. (eds), Archaeology in the Digital Era. Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology 2012, Southampton, UK, March 26-30, 2012. Amsterdam University Press, 428-37.

 

Some selected papers:

Gosden, C. and Lock, G. 1998. Prehistoric histories, World Archaeology. 30.1, pp2-12.

2003 Gosden, C. and Lock, G. Becoming Roman on the Berkshire Downs: the evidence from Alfred’s Castle. Britannia, 34, pp.65-80.

2006. Clevis, Q., Tucker, G., Lock, G., Lancaster, S., Gasparini, N., Desitter, A. and Bras, R. Geoarchaeological simulation of meandering river deposits and settlement distributions: a three-dimensional approach. Geoarchaeology: an International Journal. Volume 21, Issue 8, 843-74.

2006. Clevis, Q., Tucker, G.E., Lancaster, S.T., Desitter, A., Gasparini, N. and Lock, G. A simple algorithm for the mapping of TIN data onto a static grid: Applied to the stratigraphic simulation of river meander deposits. Computers and Geosciences. Volume 32, Issue 6, 713-858.

Kamash, Z., Gosden, C. and Lock, G. 2010. Continuity and Religious Practices in Roman Britain: the case of the rural religious complex at Marcham/Frilford, Oxfordshire, Britannia, 41, 91-125.

Lock, G. 2011. Hillforts, emotional metaphors, and the good life: a response to Armit. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 77, 355-62.