Gary Lock

Prof Gary Lock

Emeritus Professor of Archaeology

Institute of Archaeology
36 Beaumont St, Oxford, OX1 2PG

Tel: +44 (0)1865 278240

Fax: +44 (0)1865 278254


Research Interests

  • Computer applications and quantitative methods in archaeology especially Geographical Information Systems, their application and theoretical aspects (current interests are modelling visibility and movement).
  • Landscape archaeology.
  • British later prehistory (especially hillforts, their landscapes and meaning).


Current Activities

  • The Vale and Ridgeway Project (with C. Gosden)
  • The South Cadbury Environs Project (with Richard Tabor).
  • King's Low and Queen's Low (with The Stoke on Trent Museum Society).
  • The Sangro Valley Project Phase 1 (with A. Wilson, N. Christie, A. Faustoferri and others).
  • The Hillforts of the Ridgeway Project - Alfred's Castle (with C. Gosden).


GIS Research

  • Computer-based movement with visibility (with J. Pouncett).
  • Forthcoming book (with J. Pouncett), Spatial thinking in Archaeology: towards a theory of practice (Indiana University Press - The Spatial Humanities series).



  • Archaeology and Geographic Information Systems: A European Perspective with Stancic, Z. (eds), (Taylor and Francis, 1995)
  • Beyond the Map: Archaeology and Spatial Technologies, (IOS Press, 2000)
  • On the Theory and Practics in Archaeological Computing with Brown, K. (eds), (Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology Monograph 51, 2000)
  • Using computers in archaeology: towards virtual pasts (Routledge, 2003)
  • Uffington White Horse Hill and its Landscape: Investigations at White Horse Hill, Uffington, 1989-95 and Tower Hill, Ashbury, 1993-4, Oxfordshire with Miles, D., Palmer, S., Gosden, C. and Cormarty A.M. (eds), (Oxford: Oxford Archaeology. Thames Valley Landscape Monograph 18, 2003)
  • Segsbury Camp. Excavations in 1996 and 1997 at an Iron Age hillfort on the Oxfordshire Ridgeway with Gosden, C. and Daly, P. (Oxford: University of Oxford School of Archaeology Monographs 61, 2005)
  • Digging Numbers: Elementary Statistics for Archaeologists with Fletcher, M. (Oxford University Committee for Archaeology, 2005) - second edition - expanded and revised.
  • Confronting Scale in Archaeology: Issues of theory and practice with Molyneaux, B. (eds), (Springer, 2006)
  • Archaeology and landscape in central Italy. Papers in memory of J.A. Lloyd with Faustoferri, A. (Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology Monograph 69, 2008)
  • A valley in La Rioja: The Najerilla Project with Cunliffe, B. (Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology Monograph 73, 2010)



Journal Articles & Conference Proceedings

Kamash, Z., Gosden, C. and Lock, G. (with contributions from J. Harrison, P. Levick, J. Smallridge and S. Raven) , (2008), The Vale and Ridgeway Project: excavation at Marcham/Frilford 2007: interim report, South Midlands Archaeology , 38,68-76
Clevis, Q., Tucker, G., Lock, G., Lancaster, S., Gasparini, N., Desitter, A. & Bras, R., (2006), Geoarchaeological simulation of meandering river deposits and settlement distributions: a three-dimensional approach, Geoarchaeology: an International Journal, 21 (8),843-874
Clevis, Q., Tucker, G.E., Lancaster, S.T., Desitter, A., Gasparini, N. & Lock, G., (2006), A simple algorithm for the mapping of TIN data onto a static grid: Applied to the stratigraphic simulation of river meander deposits, Computers and Geosciences, 32 (6),749-766
Lock, G, Gosden, C., Griffiths, D., Daly, P. and Bukach, D., (2004), The Hillforts of the Ridgeway project: excavations at Marcham/Frilford, Oxfordshire 2003, South Midlands Archaeology , 34
Daly, P., Gosden, C. Griffiths, D. & Lock, G., (2003), Hillforts of the Ridgeway Project: excavations at Marcham/Frilford 2002, South Midlands Archaeology, 33,84-91
Gosden, C. & Lock, G., (2003), Frilford: A Romano-British ritual pool in Oxfordshire?, Current Archaeology, 184, 156-159
Gosden, C. and Lock, G., (2003), Excavations at Marcham/Frilford 2001, Britannia , 34,65-80
Daly, P., Gosden, C., Lock, G., Griffiths, D., Marston, T. & Trifkovic, V., (2002), Hillforts of the Ridgeway Project: excavations at Marcham/Frilford 2001, South Midlands Archaeology, 32 ,69-83
Gosden, C. & Lock, G., (2001), Hillforts of the Ridgeway Project: excavations at Alfred's Castle 2000, South Midlands Archaeology, 31,80-89
Lock, G., (2001), Theorising the practice or practicing the theory: archaeology and GIS, Archaeologia Polona, 39,153-164
Lloyd, J., Christie, N., Lock, G., Agostini, S., Ambrosi, M., Beavitt, P., Bell, T., Dallai, L.. Doherty, C., Faustoferri, A., MacDonald, A., Morelli, C., Shepherd, L., Tulipani, L., Wickham, A. and Wilson, A., (1997), From the mountain to the plain: landscape evolution in the Abruzzo. An interim report on the Sangro Valley Project (1994-5), Papers of the British School at Rome, 65, 1-57

Published Books

Lock, G. & Faustoferri, A. (eds), (2008), Archaeology and landscape: papers in memory of J. A. Lloyd. , Oxford: School of Archaeology Monograph 69
Gosden, C., Hamerow, H., De Jersey, P. and Lock, G., (2007), Communities and Connections : Essays in Honour of Barry Cunliffe., Oxford : Oxford University Press
Lock, G. & Molyneaux, B., (eds) . , (2006), Confronting Scale in Archaeology: issues of theory and practice, New York: Springer.
Fletcher, M. & Lock, G., (2005), Digging Numbers: Elementary Statistics for Archaeologists. (Second Edition – expanded and revised) , Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology.
Lock, G., Gosden, C. & Daly, P., (2005), Segsbury Camp. Excavations in 1996 and 1997 at an Iron Age hillfort on the Oxfordshire Ridgeway, Oxford: Oxford School of Archaeology Monograph 61
Lock, G., Gosden, C. and Daly, P., (2005), Segsbury: A hillfort on the Ridgeway, Oxford: OUSA Monograph.
Gosden, C., Lock, G., Miles, D.& Palmer, S., (2003), Uffington White Horse Hill and its Landscape: investigations at White Horse Hill, Uffington, 1989-95 and Tower Hill, Ashbury, 1993-4, Oxfordshire., Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology
Lock, G., (2003), Using Computers in Archaeology. Towards virtual pasts, London: Routledge
Hassall, T. & Lock, G., (2002), ICOMOS 13th General Assembly. Strategies for the World’s Cultural Heritage, Preservation in a Globalised World, Principles, Practices, Perspectives, Madrid.

Contributions to Edited Books

Lock, G., (2009), Human activity in a spatial context: in “Cunliffe, B., Gosden, C. and Joyce, R. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology”, pp 169-188, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lock, G., (2008), Change and continuity in surface survey data: exploring thresholds in the Sangro Valley, Italy: in “Lock, G. and Faustoferri, A. (eds.) Archaeology and landscape: papers in memory of J. A. Lloyd. ”, pp 33-45, Oxford: School of Archaeology Monograph 69.
Pouncett, J. and Lock, G, (2008), Closest Facility Analysis: integration of geophysical and test-pitting data from the South Cadbury Environs Project, : in “Posluschny, A., Lambers, K. and Herzog, I. (eds.) Layers of Perception. Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA), Berlin, Germany, April 2-6, 2007”, pp 1-6. , Bonn.
Gosden, C and Lock, G., (2007), Space, place and aesthetics on the Berkshire Downs: in “Haselgrove, C., Gwilt, A. and Pope, R. (eds.), The early Iron Age in Britain and Europe: ”, pp 279-292, Oxford: Oxbow Books.
Lock, G., (2006), Computers, learning and teaching in archaeology: life past and present on the screen,: in “Evans, T.L. and Daly, P. (eds.), Digital Archaeology. Bridging method and theory”, pp 226-235, London: Routledge.
Lock, G. & Harris, T., (2006), Enhancing predictive archaeological modelling: integrating location, landscape and culture,: in “Meher, M and Westcott, K. (eds.), GIS and Archaeological Predictive Modelling: large-scale approaches to establish a baseline for site location models”, pp 41-61, London: Taylor and Francis.
Lock, G., (2005), Agency and Scale in Archaeological GIS: in “Branting, S. (ed.), Analyzing Space in Time: New Directions in GIS in Archaeology”, pp , Oxford: ArchaeoPress..
Lock, G., (2005), Wetland Archaeology and Computers: in “Menotti, F. (ed.) Living on the lake in prehistoric Europe: 150 years of lake-dwelling research”, pp 194-203, London: Routledge..
Barclay, A., Cromarty, A., Gosden, C., Lock, G., Palmer, S. and Robinson, M., (2004), The White Horse and its Landscape,: in “Miles, D., Palmer, S., Lock, G., Gosden, C., Cromarty, A.M. (eds.), Uffington White Horse and its Landscape: Investigations at White Horse Hill Uffington 1989-95 and Tower Hill Ashbury 1993-4 ”, pp , Thames Valley Landscapes Monograph 18.
Daly, P. & Lock, G., (2004), Time, space and archaeological landscapes: establishing connections in the First Millennium BC: in “Goodchild, M.F. and Janelle, D.G. (eds.), Spatially Integrated Social Science”, pp 349-365, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lock, G., (2004), Rolling back the years: Lifelong Learning and archaeology in the UK: in “Henson, D., Stone, P.& Corbishley, M. (eds.), Education and the Historic Environment”, pp 55-64, London: Routledge.