Letty Ten Harkel

Dr Letty Ten Harkel

Postdoctoral Research Assistant

Institute of Archaeology
36 Beaumont St, Oxford, OX1 2PG

phone: 01865 278256

fax: 01865 278254

email: letty.tenharkel@arch.ox.ac.uk

Research interests

My research is concerned with the interdisciplinary study of identity in the southern North Sea region during the early medieval period. My PhD research, which I completed at the University of Sheffield in 2010, focused on settlement identities in Viking-Age Lincolnshire as evident from artefactual assemblages (mainly coinage, metalwork and pottery) and burial contexts (including funerary sculpture). I am currently the Early Medieval Researcher on the English Landscape and Identities project at the Institute of Archaeology in Oxford. In addition, I am involved in an international research network The Foundations of the European Space, which takes a comparative approach to local identities on the fringes of the Carolingian realm, stretching from the Scandinavian North to the Mediterranean. My specific contribution to the network addresses local identities and territoriality in the coastal zone of the Low Countries.

Key themes of my research include:

  • Material culture and identity
  • Settlement development and the rise of urban identities
  • Landscape archaeology
  • Portrayal and self-portrayal in historical/literary sources
  • Relationship between archaeology, history and literature.


Primary geographic area

The southern North Sea basin, in particular England and the Low Countries.

Current activities and projects

  • Early Medieval Researcher, Landscape and Identities: the case of the English landscape c. 1500 BC – 1986 AD
  • Member of international network The Foundations of the European Space addressing local identities and the ‘supra-local’ in early medieval Europe (to be completed in early 2014).
  • Co-editor of a volume of proceedings of a workshop re-assessing the archaeology of early medieval Walcheren (the Netherlands), held in October 2013.
  • Landscape context of Viking-Age hoards (with Dr Chris Green; to be included as a chapter in G. Williams’s forthcoming book on the Vale of York hoard).
  • Tutor, Weekly Classes Programme, Oxford University Department for Continuing Education.
  • Committee Member, Medieval Settlement Research Group 
  • Member of Editorial Board, Medieval and Modern Matters 


Selected Publications

  • Hadley, D. M. and L. Ten Harkel, 2013. Everyday Life in Viking ‘Towns’: Social Approaches to Viking Age Towns in Ireland and England c. 850-1100. Oxford: Oxbow.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2013. A Viking Age Landscape of Defence in the Netherlands? The Late Ninth- and Tenth-century Ringwalburgen in the Dutch Province of Zeeland. In: Baker, J., S. Brookes and A. Reynolds (eds), Landscapes of Defence in the Viking Age, 223-59. Turnhout: Brepols.
  • Ten Harkel, L. 2013. The Urbanization of Viking Age Lincoln: a numismatic perspective. The Mediaeval Journal 13.1.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2013. Material Culture and Urbanism: The Case of Viking-Age Lincoln. Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History 18, 157-73.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2006. The Vikings and the Natives: Ethnic Identity in England and Normandy c. 1000. The Medieval Chronicle 4, 175-188.

All Publications

  • Ten Harkel, L., and J. Bayley, in prep. Non-ferrous metalwork and metalwork production in Viking-Age Lincoln (preliminary agreement reached with The Antiquaries Journal).
  • Ten Harkel, L., in prep. Marginal or multi-cultural? Tenth-century identities on the former island of Walcheren, the Netherlands (to be included in publication of research network The Foundations of the European Space, published by Brepols).
  • Ten Harkel, L. 2013. Landscapes and Identities: The case of the English landscape c. 1500 BC – AD 1986. Post-Classical Archaeologies 3: 349-56.
  • Ten Harkel, L., C. Gosden, A. Cooper, M. Creswell, C. Green and L. Morley. 2012. Understanding the Relationship between Landscape and Identity: A Case Study from Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley, Devon, c. 1500 BC – AD 1086. eTopoi: Journal for Ancient Studies. Available at http://journal.topoi.org/index.php/etopoi/article/view/105.
  • Gosden, C., A. Cooper, M. Creswell, C. Green, L. ten Harkel, Z. Kamash, L. Morley, J. Pybus and X. Xiong, 2012. The English Landscape and Identities Project. Antiquity 86 (332). Available at http://www.antiquity.ac.uk/projgall/gosden332/.
  • Gosden, C. and L. Ten Harkel. 2011. English Landscapes and Identities. The Early Medieval Landscape: a perspective from the past. Medieval Settlement Research 26, 1-10.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2013. Of Towns and Trinkets: The Production and Consumption of Metalwork in Tenth-century Lincoln. In: Hadley, D. M. and L. Ten Harkel (eds), Everyday Life in Viking ‘Towns’: Social Approaches to Viking Age Towns in Ireland and England c. 850-1100,172-92. Oxford: Oxbow.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2011. De Vikingen en de Zeeuwse ringwalburgen: enkele vraagstukken. Madoc: Tijdschrift over de Middeleeuwen 25 (3): 161-72.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2011. Land or Gold? Changing Perceptions of Landscape and Wealth in Viking-Age Lincolnshire (c. 800-1000 AD). Assemblage 11: 15-33.
  • Evans, C. and L. Ten Harkel, 2010. Roman Cambridge’s Early Settlement and Via Devana: Excavations at Castle Street. Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society 99: 35-60.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2008. Lincoln en de Vikingen: Het Ontstaan van een Stad. Madoc: Tijdschrift over de Middeleeuwen 22: 3, 110-19.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2004. The Good, The Bad and The Fearless: De Vikingen en hun Vijanden in Oudnoorse en Oudengelse Oorlogspoëzie. Madoc: Tijdschrift over de Middeleeuwen 18:1, 2-10.


  • Ten Harkel, L., forthcoming. Review of Oxfordshire’s Best Churches, R. Wheeler. Church Archaeology.
  • Ten Harkel, L., forthcoming. Review of Champion: The Making and Unmaking of the English Midland Landscape, eds T. Williamson, R. Liddiard and T. Partida (2013). Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. Medieval Archaeology.
  • Ten Harkel, L., forthcoming. Review of The Archaeology of the East Anglian Conversion, R. Hoggett (2010). Woodbridge, Boydell and Brewer. Landscapes.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2013. Review of The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology, ed. H. Hamerow, D. A. Hinton and S. Crawford (2011). Oxford: Oxford University Press. English Historical Review 128 (533): 915-17; doi: 10.1093/ehr/cet151.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2012. Review of Things from the Town: Artefacts and Inhabitants in Viking-Age Kaupang, ed. D. Skre (2011) and Excavations at Helgö XVIII: Conclusions and New Aspects, ed. B. Arrhenius and U. O’Meadhra (2011). Medieval Archaeology 56: 348-49.
  • Ten Harkel, L. 2012. Review of Settlement and Lordship in Viking and Early Medieval Scandinavia, ed. B. Poulsen and S. Sindbæk (2011). Medieval Settlement Research 27: 75-76.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2011. Review article of the four-volume publication of the Flixborough excavations in North Lincolnshire. Landscapes 11, 1: 95-101.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2009. Beneath the Seven Seas: Adventures with the Institute of Nautical Archaeology, ed. George F. Bass (2005). London: Thames & Hudson. Assemblage 10: 36-38.
  • Ten Harkel, L., 2005. Vikingen! Overvallen in het Stroomgebied van Rijn en Maas, 800-1000, A. Willemsen. Bussum: Uitgeverij Thoth, 2004. Madoc: Tijdschrift over de Middeleeuwen 19: 1, 47-49.