Michael Haslam

Dr Michael Haslam

ERC Research Fellow, Primate Archaeology Group

Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art
Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Rd, Oxford, OX1 3QY

Tel: +44 (0)1865 285203

Fax: +44 (0)1865 285220

E-mail: michael.haslam@rlaha.ox.ac.uk

Research Interests:

Human evolution; Palaeolithic archaeology; primate tool-use; stone tool function and technology; microscopic use-wear and residues.

Primary Geographic Areas

South and southeast Asia, Australia, Oceania, Tropical Africa, Brazil.

Current Grants

2013-2014 John Fell Fund, Oxford, 'An inter-species comparison of wild monkey pounding stone tool use'
2012-2016 European Research Council Starting Grant, 'Primate Archaeology: an evolutionary context for the emergence of technology'
2012-2015 Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellowship, 'Functional analysis of Homo floresiensis stone tools' (declined)
2011-2012 Arts and Humanities Research Council Early Career Fellowship, 'Stone Technology in Late Pleistocene India: A new perspective on the dispersal of Homo sapiens out of Africa'
2010-2011 John Fell Fund, Oxford, ‘Capuchin archaeology: exploring the adaptive role of stone technology among wild capuchin monkeys, Boa Vista, Brazil’
2010-2011  NERC Isotope Geosciences Facilities, ‘Proximal-distal ash correlation using 40Ar/39Ar as a provenance tool: insights into the Toba super-eruption and its impact on human populations and environments’
2010  British Academy Overseas Conference Grant, 'Microscopic residue analysis of modern and ancient chimpanzee pounding tools: defining a primate archaeological signature’
2009-2010 McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research,  “Hominin faunal exploitation in Late Pleistocene India”, Principal Investigator

Current Projects

  • Primate Archaeology (PI)
  • Microscopic residue and use-wear analysis of Pleistocene stone artefacts from Liang Bua, Indonesia (with C. Lentfer [PI] and G. Robertson, University of Queensland)
  • Use-wear and residue analysis of stone artefacts from the Gibraltar caves (with C. Finlayson and the Gibraltar Museum)

Selected Publications

Haslam M, Gumert M, Biro D, Carvalho S, and Malaivijitnond S. , (2013), 2013. Use-wear patterns on wild macaque stone tools reveal their behavioural history , PLoS One 8, e72872.
Haslam, M., (2012), Towards a Prehistory of Primates, Antiquity, 86 (332),299–315
Haslam, M., Hernandez-Aguilar, A., Ling, V., Carvalho, S., et al., (2009), Primate Archaeology, Nature, 460,339-344

Journal Articles & Conference Proceedings

Falótico, T., Spagnoletti, N., Haslam, M., Luncz, L. V., Malaivijitnond, S., Gumert, M. (2017) Analysis of sea almond (Terminalia catappa) cracking sites used by wild Burmese long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis aurea). American Journal of Primatology. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22629.
Luncz, L. V., Proffitt, T., Kulik, L., Haslam, M., Wittig, R.M., 2016. Distance-decay effect in stone tool transport by wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 283, 20161607. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.1607.
T. Proffitt, L. Luncz, T. Falótico, E. Ottoni, I. de la Torre, M. Haslam (2016) Wild monkeys flake stone tools. Nature 539, 85–88. doi: 10.1038/nature20112.
L. Luncz, T. Falótico, A. Pascual-Garrido, C. Corat, H. Mosley, M. Haslam (2016) Wild capuchin monkeys adjust stone tools according to changing nut properties. Scientific Reports 10.1038/srep33089.
Haslam M, Luncz L, Staff R, Bradshaw F, Ottoni E & Falótico, T. 2016. Pre-Columbian monkey tools. Current Biology 26:R521-R522.
Haslam M, Luncz L, Pascual-Garrido A, Falotico T, Malaivijitnond S & Gumert M. 2016. Archaeological excavation of wild macaque stone tools. Journal of Human Evolution 96:134-138.

Haslam M, Pascual-Garrido A, Malaivijitnond S & Gumert M. 2016. Stone tool transport by wild Burmese long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis aurea). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 7:408-413.

Mosley H, and Haslam M. 2016. Extending material cognition to primate tool use. Quaternary International 405:70-77.

Tan AW, Luncz L, Haslam M, Malaivijitnond S & Gumert MD. 2016. Complex processing of prickly pear cactus (Opuntia sp.) by free-ranging long-tailed macaques: preliminary analysis for hierarchical organisation. Primates 57(2):141-147.
Haslam, M., Falotico, T., (2015), Nasal probe and toothpick tool use by a wild female bearded capuchin (Sapajus libidinous)., Primates, 56,211-214
Caruana M, Carvalho S, Braun D, Presnyakova D, Haslam M, Archer W, Bobe R, and Harris J, (2014), , Quantifying traces of tool use: a novel morphometric analysis of damage patterns on percussive tools. PLoS One 9:e113856.,
Crowther A., Haslam M., Oakden N., Walde D., Mercader J., (2014), Documenting contamination in ancient starch laboratories, Journal of Archaeological Science, 49,90-104
Haslam M.  , (2014), Climate effects of the 74 ka Toba super-eruption: Multiple interpretive errors in ‘A high-precision 40Ar/39Ar age for the Young Toba Tuff and dating of ultra-distal tephra’ by D. Mark, et al., Quaternary Geochronology, 21, ,104-105
Haslam M., Cardoso R.M., Visalberghi E., and Fragaszy D., (2014), Stone anvil damage by wild bearded capuchins (Sapajus libidinosus) during pounding tool use: a field experiment, PLoS One 9, e111273.,
Haslam, M., (2014), Dating chimpanzees, Nature, 508,322-323
Haslam, M., (2014), On the tool use behavior of the bonobo-chimpanzee last common ancestor, and the origins of hominine stone tool use, doi:, American Journal of Primatology, ,10.1002/ajp.22284
Biro D, Haslam M, & Rutz C. , (2013), Tool use as adaptation, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B,368,doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0408
Haslam M, Gumert M, Biro D, Carvalho S, and Malaivijitnond S. , (2013), 2013. Use-wear patterns on wild macaque stone tools reveal their behavioural history , PLoS One 8:72872.,
Haslam M., (2013), ‘Captivity bias’ in animal tool use and its implications for the evolution of hominin technology,Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 368,doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0421
Roberts R.G., Storey M., Haslam M. , (2013), Toba supereruption: age and impact on East African ecosystems ,Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110,E3047, doi:10.1073/pnas.1308550110
Visalberghi E., Haslam M., Spagnoletti N., Fragaszy D., (2013), Use of stone hammer tools and anvils by bearded capuchin monkeys over time and space: construction of an archeological record of tool use , Journal of Archaeological Science, 40,3222-3232
Blinkhorn, J., Parker, A.G., Ditchfield, P., Haslam, M. & Petraglia, M., (2012), Uncovering a landscape buried by the super-eruption of Toba, 74,000 years ago: A multi-proxy environmental reconstruction of landscape heterogeneity in the Jurreru Valley, south India, Quaternary International, 258,135-147
Haslam M., Clarkson C., Roberts R.G., Bora J., Korisettar R., Ditchfield P., Chivas A.R., Harris C., Smith V., Oh A., Eksambekar S., Boivin N. & Petraglia M. , (2012), A southern Indian Middle Palaeolithic occupation surface sealed by the 74 ka Toba eruption: Further evidence from Jwalapuram Locality 22, Quaternary International, 258,148-164
Haslam, M., (2012), Towards a Prehistory of Primates, Antiquity, 86 (332),299–315 
Haslam, M., Harris, C., Clarkson, C., Pal, J.N., Shipton, C., Crowther, A., Koshy, J., Bora, J., Ditchfield, P., Prasad Ram, H., Price, K., Dubey, A.K., & Petraglia, M., (2012), Dhaba: an initial report on an Acheulean, Middle Palaeolithic and microlithic locality in the Middle Son Valley, north-central India, Quaternary International,258,191-199
Haslam, M., Roberts, R.G., Shipton, C., Pal, J.N., Fenwick, J., Ditchfield, P., Boivin, N., Dubey, A.K., Gupta, M.C., & Petraglia, M., (2011), Late Acheulean hominins at the Marine Isotope Stage 6/5e transition in north-central India,Quaternary Research, 75: 670-682
Lane, C.S., Haslam, M., Petraglia, M., Ditchfield, P., Smith, V.C. & Korisettar, R., (2011), Cryptotephra from the 74 kyr BP Toba super-eruption in the Billa Surgam caves, southern India, Quaternary Science Reviews, 30: 1819-1824
Smith, V.C., Pearce, N.J.G., Matthews, N.E., Westgate, J.A., Petraglia, M.D., Haslam, M., Lane, C.S., Korisettar, R. & Pal, N.J.  , (2011), Geochemical fingerprinting the widespread Toba tephra using biotite compositions., Quaternary International, 246,doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.05.012 
Eren, M., Durant, A., Neudorf, C., Haslam, M., Shipton, C., Korisettar, R. & Petraglia, M. , (2010), Experimental examination of animal trampling effects on artifact movement in dry and water saturated substrates: a test case from south India, Journal of Archaeological Science, 37,3010-3021
Haslam, M. and Petraglia, M., (2010), Comment on ‘Environmental impact of the 73 ka Toba super-eruption in South Asia’, by M. Williams et al. [Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 284 (2009) 295-314],Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 296,199-203
Haslam, M., Clarkson, C., Petraglia, M., Korisettar, R., Jones, S., Shipton, C., Ditchfield, P. & Ambrose, S.H. , (2010), The 74,000 BP Toba super-eruption and southern Indian hominins: archaeology, lithic technology and environments at Jwalapuram Locality 3, Journal of Archaeological Science, 37,3370-3384
Haslam, M., Korisettar, R., Petraglia, M., Smith, T., Shipton, C. & Ditchfield, P., (2010), Foote’s steps: the history, significance and recent archaeological investigation of the Billa Surgam caves in southern India., South Asian Studies, 26,1-19
Petraglia, M., Haslam, M., Fuller, D., Boivin, N. & Clarkson, C., (2010), Out of Africa: new hypotheses and evidence for the dispersal of Homo sapiens along the Indian Ocean rim, Annals of Human Biology, 37(3),288-311
Shipton, C., Bora, J., Koshy, J., Petraglia, M., Haslam, M., & Korisettar, R., (2010), Systematic transect survey of the Jurreru Valley, Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, Man and Environment, 35,24-36
Haslam, M., Hernandez-Aguilar, A., Ling, V., Carvalho, S. de la Torre, I., DeStefano, A., Du, A., Hardy, B., Harris, J., Marchant, L., Matsuzawa, T., McGrew, W., Mercader, J., Mora, R., Petraglia, M., Roche, H., Visalberghi, E. & Warren, R., (2009), Primate Archaeology, Nature, 460,339-344
Ling, V., Hernandez-Aguilar, A., Haslam, M. & Carvalho, S., (2009), The origins of percussive technology: a smashing time in Cambridge, Evolutionary Anthropology, 18,48-49
Petraglia, M.D., Clarkson, C., Boivin, N., Haslam, M., Korisettar, R., Chaubey, G., Ditchfield, P., Fuller, D., James, H., Jones, S., Kivisild, T., Koshy, J., Lahr, M.M., Metspalu, M., Roberts, R. & Arnold, L., (2009), Population increase and environmental deterioration correspond with microlithic innovations in South Asia ca. 35,000 years ago,Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106,12261-12266
Petraglia, M.D., Korisettar, R., Bai, M.K., Boivin, N., Janardhana, B., Clarkson, C., Cunningham, K., Ditchfield, P., Fuller, D., Hampson, J., Haslam, M., Jones, S., Koshy, J., Miracle, P., Oppenheimer, C., Roberts, R. & White, K., (2009), Pleistocene and Holocene occupations of the Kurnool District India: Cave and rockshelter records, the Toba super-eruption and forager-farmer interactions, Journal of Eurasian Prehistory, 6(1-2),119-166
Haslam, M. & Liston, J., (2008), The use of flaked stone artifacts from Palau, western Micronesia, Asian Perspectives, 47(2),405-428
Crowther, A. & Haslam, M., (2007), Blind tests in microscopic residue analysis: comments on Wadley et al. (2004),Journal of Archaeological Science, 34,997-1000
Haslam, M., (2006), Potential misidentification of in situ archaeological tool-residues: starch and conidia, Journal of Archaeological Science, 33,114-121
Haslam, M., (2006), An archaeology of the instant? Action and narrative in archaeological residue analyses, Journal of Social Archaeology, 6(3),402-424
Nichols, S., Prangnell, J. & Haslam, M., (2005), Hearts and minds: public archaeology and the Queensland school curriculum, Australian Archaeology, 61,71-79
Weisler, M. & Haslam, M., (2005), Determining the function of Polynesian volcanic glass artefacts: results of a residue study, Hawaiian Archaeology, 10,1-17
Haslam, M., (2004), The decomposition of starch grains in soils: implications for archaeological residue analyses,Journal of Archaeological Science, 31,1715-1734
Haslam, M., Prangnell, J., Kirkwood, L., McKeough, A., Murphy, A. & Loy, T.H., (2003), A Lang Park Mystery: Analysis of remains from a nineteenth century burial in Brisbane, Australian Archaeology, 56(1),1-7

Published Books

Haslam M. , (2014), Primate archaeobotany: the potential for revealing nonhuman primate plant-use in the African archaeological record. In: Nixon S, Murray MA, and Fuller D, editors. The Archaeology of African Plant Use, Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press
Biro, D., Haslam, M. & Rutz, C. (eds) , (2013), Tool Use as Adaptation., Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. Volume 368, no. 1630. [http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/368/1630.toc]
Haslam, M., Robertson, G., Crowther, A., Nugent, S. & Kirkwood, L. (eds.), (2009), Archaeological Science Under a Microscope: Studies in residue and ancient DNA analysis in honour of Thomas H. Loy, Canberra: Australian National University E-Press. [http://epress.anu.edu.au/ta30_citation.html]

Contributions to Edited Books

Clarkson, C., Haslam, M., & Harris, C., (2015), : in “When to retouch, haft, or discard? Modelling optimal use/maintenance schedules in lithic tool use: in “Lithic Technological Systems and Evolutionary Theory, eds Goodale, N., & Andrefsky, W.””, pp 117-138, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press..
Nixon S, Murray MA, & Fuller D, (2014), Primate archaeobotany: the potential for revealing nonhuman primate plant-use in the African archaeological record: in “The Archaeology of African Plant Use. ”, pp 25-35, Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.
Haslam, M., (2009), Initial tests of the three-dimensional movement of starch in soils: in “New Directions in Archaeological Science: eds Fairbairn, A., O'Connor, S. & Marwick, B.”, pp 93-103, Canberra: ANU E-press.
Haslam, M., (2009), Mountains and molehills: sample size in archaeological microscopic stone-tool residue analysis: in “Archaeological Science Under a Microscope: Studies in residue and ancient DNA analysis in honour of Thomas H. Loy, eds Haslam, M., Robertson, G., Crowther, A., Nugent, S & Kirkwood, L.”, pp 47-49, Canberra: ANU E-press.
Cummins, D. & Haslam, M., (2006), To trash and to cache: analysis of a Late Formative living surface at Copan, Honduras: in “An Archaeological Life: Papers in Honour of Jay Hall: eds Ulm, S. & Lilley, I.”, pp 241-250, Brisbane: Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Studies Unit, University of Queensland .
Haslam, M., (2006), Investigation of activity areas through starch analysis: a case study from Copan, Honduras: in “Ancient Starch Research: eds Torrence, R. & Barton, H.”, pp 174-175, Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.
Haslam, M., (2003), Evidence for maize processing on 2,000 year-old obsidian artefacts from Copán: in “Phytolith and Starch Research in the Australian-Pacific-Asian Regions: The State of the Art: eds Hart, D.M. & Wallis, L.A.”, pp 153-161, Canberra: Pandanus Press.
School of Archaeology > People > Dr Michael Haslam