Nick Barton

Prof Nick Barton

Associate Professor of Palaeolithic Archaeology
Tutor and Fellow in Archaeology

Institute of Archaeology
36 Beaumont St, Oxford, OX1 2PG


Tel: +44 (0)1865 278253

Fax: +44 (0)1865 278254

E-mail: nick.barton@arch.ox.ac.uk

Research Interests

Early symbolism; Modern human behaviour in the Middle and Later Stone Age of North Africa; Human adaptations to environmental change in the Later Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic of Britain and northern Eurasia; Lithic technology and experimental archaeology; Cave taphonomy

Primary Geographic Areas

Britain, North Africa (Morocco, Tunisia)

Current and recent activities

Co-director with Professor Bouzouggar, Rabat University, of excavation at Taforalt Cave in Morocco, which is aimed at the understanding of human behaviour and environmental change in North Africa over the last 200,000 years. Recently completed a major collaborative NERC project as Co-Principal Investigator concerning the response of humans to rapid environmental change. Nearing completion of a monographic study on the Middle and Later Stone Age levels at Taforalt cave, for which he received a Leverhulme Fellowship in 2012-13. Most recently, with Dr Louise Humphrey (Natural History Museum) and Professor Martin Bell (Reading University), has been awarded a Major Leverhulme Research Award for a project on Cemeteries and Sedentism in North Africa, to investigate changes in hunter-gatherer behaviour prior to the Neolithic.

Selected Publications

  • ‘Neanderthals in Context. A report of the 1995-1998 excavations at Gorham’s and Vanguard Caves, Gibraltar’; edited with C. Stringer and C. Finlayson. (OUSA Monograph 2012).
  • Humans, environment and chronology of the Late Glacial of the North European Plain’; edited with M. Street and T. Terberger (RGZM, Mainz 2009).
  • ‘OSL dating of the Aterian levels at Grotte de Dar es-Soltan I  (Rabat, Morocco) and possible implications for the dispersal of modern Homo sapiens’(with A. Bouzouggar and others), Quaternary Science Reviews 28 (2009). 1914–1931
  • ‘82,000 year-old shell beads from North Africa and implications for the origins of modern human behavior’; (with Bouzouggar and others). PNAS 104(24), (2007), 9964-9969
  • ‘Ice Age Britain’ ( BT Batsford, 2005)
  • ‘Neanderthals on the edge: 150th anniversary conference of the Forbes' Quarry discovery, Gibraltar’; ed with C. Stringer & C. Finlayson. (Oxbow Books, 2000)
  • ‘Hengistbury Head: The Late Upper Palaeolithic and Early Mesolithic sites’ (OUSA, Monograph 1992).

Publications

Journal Articles & Conference Proceedings

2014
Barton, N., Bouzouggar, A., Bronk Ramsey, C., Collcutt, S., De Groote, I., Humphrey, L.T., Morales, J , (2014), Earliest evidence for caries and exploitation of starchy plant foods in Pleistocene hunter-gatherers from Morocco, PNAS, 111 (3),954–959doi: 10.1073/pnas.1318176111
2013
Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, A., Hogue, J.T., Lee, S., Collcutt, S.N., and Ditchfield, P., (2013), Origins of the Iberomaurusian in NWAfrica: New AMS radiocarbon dating of the Middle and Later Stone Age deposits at Taforalt Cave, Morocco, Journal of Human Evolution, 65(3) 266–281
Coulthard, T.J., Ramirez, J.A., Barton, N., Rogerson, M., Brücher, T., (2013), Were rivers flowing across the Sahara during the last Interglacial? Implications for human migration in Africa, PLoS ONE 8(9): e74834. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074834,
2012
Humphrey, L., Bello, S.M., Turner, E., Bouzouggar, A. and Barton, N, (2012), Iberomaurusian funerary behaviour: Evidence from Grotte des Pigeons, Taforalt, Morocco , Journal of Human Evolution, 62,261-273
2011
Taylor, V.K., Barton, R.N.E., Bell, M., Bouzouggar, A., Collcutt, S., Black, S. and Hogue, J.T., (2011), The Epipalaeolithic (Iberomaurusian) at Grotte des Pigeons (Taforalt), Morocco: A preliminary study of the land Mollusca, Quaternary International, , 1-10
2010
Barton, R.N.E., (2010), Regional and chronological patterns in lithic raw material behaviour during the late glacial and some implications for the British Later Upper Palaeolithic, Lithics: the Journal of the Lithic Studies Society, 31,1-11
2009
Barton, N., Ford, S., Collcutt, S.N. et al., (2009), A Final Upper Palaeolithic site at Nea Farm, Somerley, Hampshire and Some Reflections on the Occupation of Britain in the Late Glacial Interstadial. Quärtar, Quartär, 56,7–35
Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, A., Collcutt, S.N., Schwenninger, J-L. & Clark-Balzan, L., (2009), OSL dating of the Aterian levels at Grotte de Dar es-Soltan I (Rabat, Morocco) and possible implications for the dispersal of modern Homo sapiens, Quaternary Science Reviews, 28,1914–31
Barton, R.N.E., Ford, S., Collcutt, S.N., Crowther, J., Macphail, R.I., Rhodes, E. & Van Gijn, A., (2009), A Final Upper Palaeolithic site at Nea Farm, Somerley, Hampshire (England) and some reflections on the occupation of Britain in the Lateglacial Interstadial, Quartär, 56,7-35
D’Errico, F., Vanhaeren, M., Barton, N., Bouzouggar, J., Mienis, H., Richter, D., Hublin, J.J., McPherron, S.P., & Lozouet, P., (2009), Additional evidence on the use of personal ornaments in the Middle Paleolithic of North Africa, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 106 (38),16051-56
Jennings, R.P., Giles, F., Barton, R.N.E. , Collcutt, S.N., Gale, R., Gleed-Owen C., Gutierrez Lopez, J.M., Higham, T.F.G., Parker, A., Price, C., Rhodes, E., Santiago Perez, A., Schwenninger, J.L. & Turner, E., (2009), New dates and palaeo-environmental evidence for the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic occupation of Higueral de Valleja Cave, southern Spain, Quaternary Science Reviews, 28,830-9
2008
Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, A., Humphrey, L.T. , Berridge, P., Collcutt, S.N., Gale, R., Parfitt, S., Parker, A.G., Rhodes, E.J. & Schwenninger, J.L., (2008), Human burial evidence from Hattab II Cave (Oued Laou-Tétuoan, Morocco) and the question of continuity in Late Pleistocene-Holocene mortuary practices in Northwest Africa, Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 18 (2),195-214
Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, A. & Lubell, D., (2008), Editorial. Modern Human dispersals, environments and cultural change in the Late Pleistocene of Northwest Africa, African Archaeological Review, 25,1-2
Bouzouggar, A., Barton, R.N.E., Blockley. S., Bronk-Ramsey, C., Collcutt, S.N., Gale, R., Higham, T.F.G., Humphrey, L.T., Parfitt, S., Turner, E. &Ward, S., (2008), Re-evaluating the age of the Iberomaurusian in Morocco, African Archaeological Review, 25,3-19
Osborne, A.H., Vance, D., Rohling, E., Barton, N., Rogerson, M. & Fello, N., (2008), A humid corridor across the Sahara for the migration "Out of Africa" of early modern humans 120,000 years ago , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 105 (43),16444-47
Stringer, C.B. & Barton, R.N.E., (2008), Putting North Africa on the map of modern human origins, Evolutionary Anthropology, 17,5-7
Stringer, C.B., Finlayson, J.C., Barton, R.N.E., Fernández-Jalvo, Y., Cáceres, I., Sabin, R.C., Rhodes, E.J., Currant, A.P., Rodríguez-Vidal, J., Giles Pacheco, F. & Riquelme Cantal, J.A., (2008), Neanderthal exploitation of marine mammals in Gibraltar, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 105 (38),14319-24
2007
Bouzouggar, A., Barton, R.N.E., Vanhaeren, M., D'Errico, F., Collcutt, S., Higham, T.F.G., Hodge, R., Parfitt, S., Rhodes, E., Schwenninger, J-L., Stringer, C., Turner, E., Ward, S., Moutmir, A. & Stambouli, A., (2007), 82,000-year-old shell beads from North Africa and implications for the origins of modern human behaviour, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104 (24),9964-9
2005
Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, J., Collcutt, S.N., Gale, R., Higham, T.F.G., Humphrey, L., Parfitt, S., Rhodes, E., Stringer & Malek, F., (2005), The Late Upper Palaeolithic occupation of the Moroccan northwest Maghreb during the Late glacial Maximum., African Archaeological Review, 22(2),77-100
2003
Barton, R.N.E., Jacobi, R.M., Stapert, D. and Street, M.J., (2003), The Late-glacial reoccupation of the British Isles and the Creswellian, Journal of Quaternary Science, 18 (7), 631-643
Cheney, H., Higham, T., Ditchfield, P., Barton, N., Stringer, C., Finlayson, C., Rhodes, E., & Ramsey, C.B., (2003), : Proceedings of 18th International Radiocarbon Conference, Wellington, New Zealand
2001
Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, A. and Stringer, C.B., (2001), Bridging the gap: new fieldwork in northern Morocco, Antiquity, 75,489-90
2000
Barton, N., Stringer, C.B. & Finlayson, J.C., (2000),

Published Books

2012
Barton, R.N.E., Stringer, C.B. and Finlayson, J.C. (eds.), , (2012), Neanderthals in Context. A report of the 1995-1998 excavations at Gorham’s and Vanguard Caves, Gibraltar, Oxford University School of Archaeology, Monograph 75
Niekus, M.J.L.T., Barton, R.N.E, Street,M. and Terberger,T. (eds.) , (2012), A mind set on flint. Studies in honour of Dick Stapert, Groningen Archaeological Studies 16, Groningen.
2009
Street, M., Barton, N. & Terberger, T. (eds.), (2009), Humans, environment and chronology of the Late Glacial of the North European Plain, Römisch-Germanisches Zentral Museum, Mainz
2005
Barton, N., (2005), Ice Age Britain, BT Batsford, London

Contributions to Edited Books

2013
Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, A. , (2013), Hunter-gatherers of the Maghreb: 25,000-6000 years ago: in “The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology (eds.) Lane, P. and Mitchell, P. ”, pp , Oxford University Press.
2012
Barton, R. N. E., (2012), Revisiting ‘intentional breakage’ in the British Late Upper Palaeolithic: in “Niekus, M.J.L.T. et al. (eds), A mind set on flint. Studies in honour of Dick Stapert”, pp 183-192, Groningen Archaeological Studies 16, Groningen..
Barton, R.N.E. , (2012), The lithic assemblages of Vanguard Cave: in “Barton et al. (eds), Neanderthals in Context. A report of the 1995-1998 excavations at Gorham’s and Vanguard Caves, Gibraltar”, pp 244-254, Oxford University School of Archaeology: Monograph 75.
Barton, R.N.E. and d’Errico, F. , (2012), North African origins of symbolically mediated behaviour and the Aterian: in “Elias, S. (ed), Origins of Human Innovation and Creativity”, pp , Elsevier.
Barton, R.N.E. and Jennings, R. P. , (2012), The lithic assemblages of Gorham’s Cave: in “Barton et al. (eds), Neanderthals in Context. A report of the 1995-1998 excavations at Gorham’s and Vanguard Caves, Gibraltar”, pp 151-187, Oxford University School of Archaeology: Monograph 75.
Barton, R.N.E., Stringer, C.B. and Collcutt, S.N. , (2012), The late Pleistocene human occupation of Gorham’s and Vanguard Caves: some reflections: in “Barton et al. (eds), Neanderthals in Context. A report of the 1995-1998 excavations at Gorham’s and Vanguard Caves, Gibraltar”, pp 292-298, Oxford University School of Archaeology: Monograph 75.
Bouzouggar, A., Barton, R.N.E. , (2012), The identity and timing of the Aterian in Morocco: in “J.-J. Hublin & S. McPherron (eds), Modern origins: A North African perspective”, pp , Dordrecht: Springer.
Macphail, R.I., Goldberg, P. and Barton, R.N.E. , (2012), Vanguard Cave sediments and soil micromorphology: in “Barton et al. (eds), Neanderthals in Context. A report of the 1995-1998 excavations at Gorham’s and Vanguard Caves, Gibraltar”, pp 193-210, Oxford University School of Archaeology: Monograph 75.
2010
Schwenninger, J.-L., Collcutt, S.N., Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, A., El Hajraoui, M.A., Nespoulet, R., Debénath, A., Clark-Balzan, L., (2010), Luminescence chronology for Aterian cave sites on the Atlantic coast of Morocco: in “Garcea, E.E.A. (ed.), South-Eastern Mediterranean Peoples between 130,000 and 10,000 Years Ago”, pp 18-36, Oxbow Books, Oxford.
Schwenninger, J.-L., Collcutt, S.N., Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, A., El Hajraoui, M.A., Nespoulet, R., Debénath, A., Clark-Balzan, L., (2010), Luminescence chronology for Aterian cave sites on the Atlantic coast of Morocco: in “Garcea, E.E.A. (ed.), South-Eastern Mediterranean Peoples between 130,000 and 10,000 Years Ago”, pp 18-36, Oxbow Books, Oxford.
2009
Barton, R.N.E., (2009), The Lateglacial colonization of Britain: in “Hunter, J. & Ralston, I.B.M.  (eds.), Archaeology of Britain”, pp 18-52, Routledge: London.
Terberger, T., Barton, N. & Street, M., (2009), The Late Glacial reconsidered – recent progress and interpretations : in “Street, M., Barton, N. & Terberger, T. (eds.), Humans, environment and chronology of the Late Glacial of the North European Plain”, pp 189-207, Römisch-Germanisches Zentral Museum, Mainz.
2008
Barton, R.N.E & Roberts A.J., (2008), Le Mésolithique ancien en Grande-Bretagne: acquisition des matières premières et occupation du territoire: in “Fagnart, J-P., Thevenin, A., Ducrocq, T., Souffi, B. and Coudret, P. (eds.), Le début du Mésolithique en Europe du Nord-Ouest”, pp 219-230, Mémoire XLV de la Société préhistorique française.
Roberts, A. & Barton N., (2008), Reading the unwritten history: Evans and Ancient Stone Implements : in “MacGregor, A. (ed.), Sir John Evans (1823-1908). Antiquity, Commerce and Natural Science in the Age of Darwin”, pp 95-115, Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford.
2007
Barton, R.N.E., (2007), The Goldcliff Late Mesolithic assemblages: in “Bell, M. (ed), Prehistoric Coastal Communities: The Mesolithic in western Britain. CBA Research Report 149”, pp 103-117, Council for British Archaeology, York.
Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, A., Bronk-Ramsey, C., Collcutt, S.N., Higham, T.F.G., Humphrey, L.T., Parfitt, S., Rhodes, E.J., Schwenninger, J.L., Stringer, C.B., Turner, E. & Ward, S., (2007), Abrupt climatic change and chronology of the Upper Palaeolithic in northern and eastern Morocco: in “Rethinking the human revolution: New behavioural & biological perspectives on the origins and dispersal of modern humans ( eds. Mellars, P., Boyle, K., Bar-Yosef,O. & Stringer, C.)”, pp 177-186, Research Monographs of the Macdonald Institute, Cambridge..
Bouzouggar, A., Barton, R.N.E. & De Araujo Igreja, (2007), A brief overview of recent research into the Aterian and Upper Palaeolithic of Northern and Eastern Morocco: in “Barich, B. (Ed.), Tra il Sahara e il Mediterraneo: il Jebel Gharbi (Libia) e l’Archeologia del Maghreb”, pp 473-488, Edizioni Quasar. Scienze dell’Antichità, Storia Archeologia Antopologia 12 (2004-5).
2006
Bouzouggar, A, Barton, R.N.E., Collcutt, S.N., Parfitt, S., Higham, T.F.G., Rhodes, E. & Gale, R., (2006), Le Paléolithique Supérieur au Maroc: apport des sites du Nord-Ouest et de l’Oriental.: in “Sanchidrián, J.-L., Márquez, A. and Fullola, J.M. (eds.) La cuenca mediterránea durante el Paleolítico Superior (38.000 – 10.000 años) IV Simposio de Prehistoria Cueva de Nerja ”, pp 138-150, Fundación Cueva de Nerja, & Málaga UISPP, Com.8, Málaga.
2005
Barton, R.N.E., (2005), The informative value of disturbed contexts: in “Rensink, E. & J.H.M. Peeters (eds.), Preserving the Early Past. Investigation, selection and preservation of Palaeolithic and Mesolithic sites and landscapes”, pp 73-76, Amersfoort, Nederlandse Archeologische Rapporten 31.
Barton, R.N.E. & Roberts, A.J,, (2005), The Mesolithic period in England: current perspectives and new research: in “Saville, A. (ed.), Mesolithic Scotland and its Neighbours. The Early Holocene Prehistory of Scotland, its British and Irish context, and some Northern European Perspectives”, pp 339-358, Edinburgh, Society of Antiquaries of Scotland,.
2002
Barton, R.N.E. and Roberts, A.J,, (2002), Ensembles à pointes pédonculées du tardiglaciaire et technologies associées dans le sud de la Grande-Bretagne : in “Otte, M. and Kozlowsk, J.K. (eds.), Préhistoire de la Grande Plaine du nord de l’Europe”, pp 69-81, Liège, ERAUL 99.
2001
Barton, R.N.E., (2001), Britain’s Earliest Humans: in “Hall, S. & Haywood, J. (eds.), Penguin Atlas of British and Irish History”, pp 14-17, Penguin Books.
Barton, R.N.E., (2001), The British Upper Palaeolithic (1996-2001): an annotated bibliography and some comments: in “Noiret, P. (ed.), Le Paléolithique Supérieur Européen. Bilan quinquennal 1996-2001. UISPP Commission VIII. .”, pp 117-120, Liege: ERAUL 115.
Barton, R.N.E. & Roberts, A.J., (2001), A Lyngby point from Mildenhall, Suffolk and its implications for the British Late Upper Palaeolithic.: in “Milliken, S. & Cook, J. (eds.), A Very Remote Period Indeed. Papers on the Palaeolithic presented to Derek Roe”, pp 234-241, Oxford: Oxbow Books.
Barton, R.N.E., Finlayson, J.C., and Stringer, C.B., (2001), The Gibraltar Neanderthals and their extinction. : in “Zilhão, J., Aubry, T. and Faustino Carvalho, A., (eds.), Les premiers homes modernes de la Péninsule Ibérique. Actes du Colloque de la Commission VIII de l’UISPP”, pp 117-122, Lisboa: Intstituto Português de Arqueologia..
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