Dr Nathaniel Erb-Satullo

Departmental Lecturer in Archaeomaterials

School of Archaeology
1 South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3TG

Tel: +44 (0)1865 275377

E-mail: nathaniel.erb-satullo@arch.ox.ac.uk

Research Interests

  • Technology and Innovation
  • Craft Production
  • Materials Analysis (especially ceramics, metals and glass)
  • Bronze and Iron Age in the ancient Near East (especially the Caucasus)

Current Activities

My research centers on the analysis of ancient technological systems, covering issues of innovation, technological choices, organization of production, and adoption processes. Geographically, I specialize in the archaeology of Western Asia and the Ancient Near East, with a particular interest in the Caucasus mountains. Methodologically, I use a combination of survey, excavation and natural science laboratory techniques (especially microscopy and chemical analysis) to address archaeological and anthropological questions about the past.

My current field and laboratory projects focus on technological and social transformations during the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age in the South Caucasus. In particular, I am interested in how metal production was organized and how new innovations such as iron were impacted by existing technological systems. I direct the international collaborative project "Archaeological Research in Kvemo Kartli" (Project ARKK), which examines craft production and social organization in an ore-rich foothill zone. Through the comprehensive examination of Late Bronze and Early Iron Age societies in this region, I seek to understand how innovations spread through mountainous regions like the Caucasus.


Erb-Satullo, N. L., Gilmour, B. J. J., and Khakhutaishvili, N., 2018, The ebb and flow of copper and iron smelting in the South Caucasus, Radiocarbon60, 159-180. Link

Erb-Satullo, N. L., 2018,Patterns of settlement and metallurgy in Late Bronze-Early Iron Age Kvemo Kartli, southern Georgia. In Finding Common Ground in Diverse Environments: Landscape Archaeology in the South Caucasus, (eds. W. Anderson, K. Hopper, and A. Robinson). OREA, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna. Link

Erb-Satullo, N. L., Gilmour, B. J. J., and Khakhutaishvili, N., 2017, Copper production landscapes of the South Caucasus, Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 47, 109-126. Link

Erb-Satullo, N. L. and Walton, J. T., 2017, Iron and copper production at Iron Age Ashkelon: Implications for the organization of Levantine metal production, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 15, 8-19. Link

Erb-Satullo, N. L., Gilmour, B. J. J., and Khakhutaishvili, N., 2015, Crucible technologies in the Late Bronze-Early Iron Age South Caucasus: Copper processing, tin bronze production, and the possibility of local tin ores, Journal of Archaeological Science, 61, 260-276. Link

Erb-Satullo, N. L., Gilmour, B. J. J., and Khakhutaishvili, N., 2014, Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age copper smelting technologies in the South Caucasus: The view from ancient Colchis, Journal of Archaeological Science, 49, 147-159. Link

Eremin, K., Degryse, P., Erb-Satullo, N., Ganio, M., Greene, J., Shortland, A., Walton, M., Stager, L., 2012, Iron Age glass beads from Carthage. In Historical Technology, Materials, and Conservation: SEM and Microanalysis, (eds. N. D. Meeks, A. Meek, A. Mongiatti, and C. Cartwright), 30-35.  Archetype Publications and the British Museum, London.

Erb-Satullo, N. L., Shortland, A. J., and Eremin, K., 2011, Chemical and mineralogical approaches to the organization of Late Bronze Age Nuzi Ware production, Archaeometry, 53, 1171-1192. Link

Erb-Satullo, N. L., 2011, Alloys from Anau: The manipulation of metallic properties in 3rd Millennium B.C. southern Central Asia. In Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology IX, (eds. P. Vandiver, W. Li, J. L. Ruvalcaba Sil, C. L. Reedy and L. D. Frame), 157-163. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 

Degryse, P., Boyce, A., Erb-Satullo, N., Eremin, K., Kirk, S., Scott, R., Shortland, A. J., Schneider, J., and Walton, M., 2010, Isotopic discriminants between Late Bronze Age glasses from Egypt and the Near East, Archaeometry, 52, 380-388. Link

McKitterick, C. B., Erb-Satullo, N. L., LaRacuente, N. D., Dickinson, A. J., and Collings, P. J., 2010, Aggregation properties of the chromonic liquid crystal Benzopurpurin 4B, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 114, 1888-1896. Link

School of Archaeology > People > Nathaniel Erb-Satullo