R R R Smith

Prof R R R Smith

Lincoln Professor of Classical Archaeology and Art

phone: 01865 278079

fax: 01865 278080

email: bert.smith@classics.ox.ac.uk

Research Interests

Art and visual cultures of the ancient Mediterranean world; historical interpretation of ancient representation and its relationship with social and political culture; archaeology of Greek cities of Eastern Roman Empire.

Primary Geographic Area

The Eastern Mediterranean in the Hellenistic, Roman, and Late Antique periods

Current Activities

As director of New York University’s Excavations at Aphrodisias (since 1991), Smith is engaged in the study and publication of marble finds from the site –

http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/fineart/academics/aphrodisias/aphrodisias.htm.  

He recently completed a monographic study of the reliefs from the Julio-Claudian Sebasteion or Temple of the Emperors (2013).  

He also held recently, with historian Bryan Ward-Perkins as co-PI, an Arts and Humanities Research Council grant for a project titled ‘The Last Statues of Antiquity’ (for three years, 2009-11) to investigate the distinctive character of statue use in late antiquity, from AD 284 to 650. The publicly accessible database resulting from this project catalogues and illustrates some 2,700 items of surviving statuary and inscribed statue bases and can be consulted at http://laststatues.classics.ox.ac.uk/. A print volume of twenty-five studies of aspects of this material, edited by Smith and Ward-Perkins and written by them and fifteen collaborators, is in the final stages of preparation.

Smith currently holds a British Academy/ Leverhulme Senior Research Fellowship for the academic year 2013-14, to write up a monograph on the detailed and well-preserved contexts of late antique portrait statuary at Aphrodisias.

Selected publications

  • ‘The Greek East under Rome’, in B. Borg (ed), Blackwell Companion to Roman Art (Blackwell, forthcoming 2014), ch. 26.
  • The marble reliefs from the Julio-Claudian Sebasteion: Aphrodisias VI (Philipp von Zabern, Darmstadt, 2013).
  • ‘Defacing the gods at Aphrodisias’, in B. Dignas, R.R.R. Smith (eds), Historical and Religious Memory in the Ancient World (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 2012), 283-326.
  • ‘Sarcophagi and Roman citizenship’, in C. Ratté, R.R.R. Smith (eds), Aphrodisias Papers 4: New Research on the City and its Monuments (JRA Supplement 70; Providence, RI 2008), 347-94, figs. 1-87.
  • Roman Portrait Statuary from Aphrodisias: Aphrodisias II (Philipp von Zabern, Mainz, 2006), with S. Dillon, C. Hallett, J. Lenaghan, and J.van Voorhis.
  • ‘Pindar, athletes, and the early Greek statue habit’, in S. Hornblower, C. Morgan (eds), Pindar's Poetry, Patrons, and Festivals: from Archaic Greece to the Roman Empire (Oxford University Press, 2007), 83-139.
  • ‘The Use of Images: Visual History and Ancient History’, in T.P. Wiseman (ed), Classics in Progress: Essays on Ancient Greece and Rome (British Academy 2002), 59-102.

All publications

BOOKS

  • Hellenistic Royal Portraits (Clarendon Press, Oxford 1988), 196 pp., 80 pls.
  • Hellenistic Sculpture (Thames & Hudson, London 1991), 287 pp., 336 figs. 
  • Translation: La sculpture hellénistique (Éditions Thames & Hudson, Paris, 1996).
  • The Monument of C.Julius Zoilos: Aphrodisias I (Philipp von Zabern, Mainz, 1994), 68 pp., 14 figs., 33 pls.
  • Sculptured for Eternity: Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Art in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum (with Ahmet Ertug, Istanbul 2002), 370 pp., 90 text pp., 280 folio pls.
  • Roman Portrait Statuary from Aphrodisias: Aphrodisias II (Philipp von Zabern, Mainz, 2006), 335 pp., 27 figs. and maps, 163 pls.
  • Aphrodisias: City and Sculpture in Roman Asia (with Ahmet Ertug, Istanbul 2009).
  • The Cast Gallery of the Ashmolean Museum: Catalogue of plaster casts of Greek and Roman sculpture (Oxford 2011), with R. Frederiksen.
  • The Gods of Nemrud: The Royal Sanctuary of Antiochos I and the Kingdom of Commagene (with Ahmet Ertug, Istanbul 2012).
  • The marble reliefs from the Julio-Claudian Sebasteion: Aphrodisias VI (Philipp von Zabern, Darmstadt, 2013).

BOOKS EDITED & CO-AUTHORED

  • Abridged and revised edition of G.M.A. Richter, The Portraits of the Greeks (Phaidon Press, Oxford 1984), 180 pp.
  • Aphrodisias Papers 2: The Theatre, a sculptor's workshop, philosophers, and coin types (Journal of Roman Archaeology, Supplementary Series No. 2. Ed. with K.T. Erim, Michigan 1991), 175 pp.
  • Oxford Illustrated History of Classical Art (with J. Boardman and others, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1993), Ch. 4 'The Hellenistic Period', pp. 151-216
  • Aphrodisias Papers 3: The setting and quarries, mythological and other sculptural decoration, architectural development, Portico of Tiberius, and Tetrapylon (Journal of Roman Archaeology, Supplementary Series No. 20. Ed. with Charlotte Roueché. Ann Arbor, Michigan 1996), 224  pp.
  • Aphrodisias Papers 4: New Research on the City and its Monuments (Journal of Roman Archaeology, Supplementary Series No. 70. Ed. with C. Ratté. Providence, Rhode Island, 2008), c. 400  pp.
  • Roman Portraits from Aphrodisias (Exhibition and catalogue, Istanbul 2008. Ed. with J.L. Lenaghan), c. 300 pp.
  • Historical and Religious Memory in the Ancient World (with B. Dignas, Clarendon Press, Oxford 2012).
  • The Last Statues of Antiquity (Clarendon Press, Oxford, forthcoming 2014/15), with B. Ward Perkins.

ARTICLES

  • 'Greeks, Foreigners, and Roman Republican Portraits', Journal of Roman Studies 71 (1981), 24‑38
  • Greek sculptors, painters, and architects in Who was Who in the Greek World (Ed. D. Bowder, Phaidon Press, Oxford, 1982), 40 entries
  • 'Greek and Roman sculpture: What were all those statues for?', Omnibus 8 (1984), 1‑4
  • 'Roman portraits: honours, empresses, and late emperors', Journal of Roman Studies 75 (1985), 209‑221
  • 'Three Hellenistic Rulers', Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), 59‑78
  • 'Statues from the Sea: The Riace Warriors', Omnibus  12 (1986), 1‑3
  • 'The imperial reliefs from the Sebasteion at Aphrodisias', Journal of Roman Studies 77 (1987), 88‑138
  • 'Simulacra gentium: the ethne from the Sebasteion at Aphrodisias', Journal of Roman Studies 78 (1988), 50‑77
  • 'Philorhomaioi: portraits of Roman client rulers', in Ritratto ufficiale e ritratto privato (Eds N. Bonacasa & G. Rizza, 1988), 493‑497
  • 'Le Sébasteion et son décor sculpté', Archeologia 139 (1989), 46‑59
  • 'Naked Emperors', Omnibus 18 (1989), 30‑32
  • 'Myth and allegory in the Sebasteion', in Aphrodisias Papers: Recent Work on Architecture and Sculpture (Eds. C. Roueché, K.T.  Erim, 1990), 89‑100
  • 'Late Roman Philosopher Portraits from Aphrodisias',  Journal of Roman Studies 90 (1990), 127‑55
  • 'Sculpture from the Theatre', Aphrodisias Papers 2 (1991), 67‑98, with K.T. Erim
  • 'Late Roman Philosophers' Aphrodisias Papers 2 (1991), 144‑158
  • 'A new portrait of Pythagoras', Aphrodisias Papers 2 (1991), 159‑167
  • 'Aphrodisias 1990', XIII Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi (Ankara 1992), II.141-154
  • 'Aphrodisias 1991', XIV Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisisi (Ankara 1993), II.373-383
  • 'Kings and Philosophers', in Images and Ideologies: Self-definition in the Hellenistic World (Eds A.W. Bulloch, E.S. Gruen, A.A. Long, A Stewart; Berkeley 1994), 202-211
  • 'Two inscribed monuments from Aphrodisias', Archäologischer Anzeiger (1994), 455-472, with C.P. Jones
  • 'Aphrodisias 1992', XV Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi (Ankara 1994), II.351-371
  • 'Spear-won land at Boscoreale: On the royal paintings of a Roman villa', Journal of Roman Archaeology 7 (1994), 100-128
  • 'Aphrodisias 1993', XVI Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi (Ankara 1995), II.191-206
  • 'A Greek and Roman Point of View' in 'Viewpoint: Is there a Place for Aesthetics in Archaeology', Cambridge Archaeological Journal 4.2 (1994), 260-264
  • 'Archaeological Research at Aphrodisias in Caria, 1993', American Journal of Archaeology 99 (1995), 33-58, with C. Ratté
  • 'A New Shield Portrait in Izmir' Römische Mitteilungen 102 (1995), 331-339
  • 'Archaeological Research at Aphrodisias in Caria, 1994', American Journal of Archaeology 100 (1996), 5-33, with C. Ratté
  • 'Aphrodisias 1994', XVII Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi (Ankara 1996), II.185-197
  • 'Greek and Roman Sculpture at Alexandria', Dictionary of Art (MacMillan, London, 1996)
  • 'Ptolemaic portraits: Alexandrian types, Egyptian versions', in Alexandria and Alexandrianism (Malibu, J.P.Getty Museum, 1996), 203-213
  • 'Aphrodisias in Caria', TASG News (Turkish Area Study Group) 43 (1996), 28-30
  • ’Archaeological Research at Aphrodisias, 1989-1992', Aphrodisias Papers 3 (1996), 10-72
  • 'Aphrodisias', in The Oxford Encyclepdia of Archaeology in the Near East (Ed. Eric M. Meyers, Oxford, 1997), vol. I, 151-152
  • 'Typology and diversity in the portraits of Augustus', Journal of Roman Archaeology 9 (1996), 31-47
  • 'Archaeological Research at Aphrodisias in Caria, 1995', American Journal of Archaeology 101 (1997), 1-22, with C. Ratté,
  • 'Timē', in Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VIII (1997), s.v. Timē
  • 'Reading Zoilos' marbles: the archaeology of a brilliant career', Omnibus (1997)
  • 'Aphrodisias 1995', XVIII Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi (Ankara 1997), I. 313-22
  • 'The Public Image of Licinius I: Sculptured portraits and imperial ideology in the early fourth century', Journal of Roman Studies 97 (1997), 170-202
  • 'Archaeological Research at Aphrodisias in Caria, 1996', American Journal ofArchaeology 102 (1998), 225-250 with C. Ratté
  • 'Cultural choice and political identity in honorific portrait statues in the Greek East in the second century AD',  Journal of Roman Studies 98 (1998), 56-93
  • 'Hellenistic Sculpture under the Roman Empire: Fishermen and Satyrs at Aphrodisias', in Regional Schools in Hellenistic Sculpture (Oxbow Monograph 90. Eds. O. Palagia, W.D.E. Coulson. Oxford 1998), 253-260
  • 'A late Roman portrait and a himation statue from Aphrodisias', in H. Friesinger, F. Krinzinger (eds), 100 Jahre Österreichische Forschungen in Ephesos: Akten des Symposions Wien 1995 (Vienna 1999), 713-719
  • 'Late antique portraits in a public context: Honorific statuary at Aphrodisias in Caria, AD 300-600', Journal of Roman Studies 99 (1999), 155-189
  • 'Herakles and Antaios at Aphrodisias in Caria', in Periplous: Essays for Sir John Boardman (Edd. G.R. Tsetskhladze, A.M. Snodgrass, A.J.N. Prag. London & New York, 1999), 299-308
  • 'Art Theory and Criticism in Antiquity', in M. Kemp (ed), Oxford History of Western Art (Oxford, 1999), 58-61
  • 'Archaeological Research at Aphrodisias in Caria, 1997 and 1998', American Journal of Archaeology 104 (2000), 221-253, with C. Ratté
  • ‘A Masterpiece Reconstructed: The Aphrodisias Fisherman in Oxford', Omnibus 40 (2000), 11
  • 'Nero and the Sun-god: divine accessories and political symbols in Roman imperial images', Journal of Roman Archaeology 13 (2000), 532-42
  • 'A portrait monument for Julian and Theodosius at Aphrodisias', in Chr. Reusser (ed), Griechenland in der Kaiserzeit: Neue Funde und Forschungen zu Skulptur, Architektur und Topographie (Bern 2001), 125-36
  • 'The Use of Images: Visual History and Ancient History', in T.P. Wiseman (ed), Classics in Progress: Essays on Ancient Greece and Rome (British Academy 2002), 59-102
  • 'The statue monument of Oecumenius: A new portrait of a late antique governor from Aphrodisias', Journal of Roman Studies 102 (2002), 134-156
  • 'Aphrodisias 2001', 24. Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi (Ankara 2003), II, 327-332, with C. Ratté
  • 'Archaeological Research at Aphrodisias in Caria, 1999-2001', American Journal of Archaeology 108 (2004), 145-186, with C. Ratté
  • 'Aphrodisias 2002', 25. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı (Ankara 2004) II, 387-96, with C. Ratté
  • 'Storia delle immagini e storia antica', in M. Barbanera (ed), Storie dell'arte antica (Rome 2004), 25-31
  • 'Aphrodisias 2003', 26. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı (Konya, Ankara 2005) II, 331-40, with C. Ratté
  • ‘Aphrodisias 2004’ 27. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı (Antalya, Ankara 2006) II, 19-32, with C. Ratté
  • «Περιβάλλων χώρος και ιστορική ερμηνεία: ο βίος των αγαλμάτων στα λουτρά του Αδριανού στην Αφροδισιάδα, 100-600 μ.Χ.» in G. Kokkorou-Alevras, K. Kopanias (eds), ΜέθοδοιπροσέγγισηςκαιέρευναςτηςαρχαίαςΕλληνικήςκαιΡωμαϊκήςγλυπτικής / Methods of Approach and Research in Ancient Greek and Roman Sculpture (Athens 2007), 109-32, Eik. 1-32.
  • ‘Aphrodisias 2005’ 28. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı (Çannakale, Ankara, 2007) II, 63-72, with C. Ratté.
  • 'Pindar, athletes, and the early Greek statue habit', in S. Hornblower, C. Morgan (eds), Pindar's Poetry, Patrons, and Festivals: from Archaic Greece to the Roman Empire (Oxford University Press, 2007), 83-139.
  • 'Statue life in the Hadrianic Baths at Aphrodisias, AD 100-600: Local context and historical meaning', in F.A. Bauer, C. Witschel (eds), Statuen in der Spätantike   (Wiesbaden 2007), 203-235, pls. 50-68, figs. 1-42.
  • 'Archaeological Research at Aphrodisias in Caria, 2002-2005’, American Journal of Archaeology 112 (2008), 713-51, figs. 1-34, with C. Ratté,.
  • 'Sarcophagi and Roman citizenship', in C. Ratté, R.R.R. Smith (eds), Aphrodisias Papers 4: New Research on the City and its Monuments (JRA Supplement 70; Providence, RI 2008), 347-94, figs. 1-87
  • ‘Emperors and heroes at Aphrodisias’, Omnibus 56 (2008), 1-4.
  • ‘Aphrodisias, 2006’ 29. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı (Kocaeli, Ankara, 2008) II, 157-170.
  • ‘Roman portraits and marble production at Aphrodisias’ in Roman Portraits from Aphrodisias (Exhibition and catalogue, Istanbul 2008. Eds. R.R.R. Smith and J.L. Lenaghan), 9-33, figs. 1-14.
  • ‘Sculptors’ workshops: Inscriptions, images, and archaeology’, Roman Portraits from Aphrodisias (Exhibition and catalogue, Istanbul 2008. Eds. R.R.R. Smith and J.L. Lenaghan), 103-119, figs. 1-9.
  • ‘Aphrodisias, 2007’ 30. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı (Ankara, 2009) II, 327-340.
  • ‘Aphrodisias, 2008’ 31. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı (Ankara, 2010) III, 103-130, with B. Yıldırım.
  • 'Reception of Ancient Portraits', in A. Grafton, G. Most, S. Settis (eds), The Classical Tradition (Belknap Press, Harvard 2010), 773-775.
  • 'A Fayum teacher’s manual, Alexandrian pavilion architecture, and Augustan wallpainting', in B. Wescoat, O. Palagia (eds), Samothracian Connections: Essays in honor of James R. McCredie (Oxbow Press, Oxford, 2010), 211-221, figs. 1-11.
  • ‘Aphrodisias, 2009’ 32. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı (Ankara, 2011) II, 257-277.
  • ‘Marble Workshops at Aphrodisias’, in F. D'Andria and I. Romeo (eds.), Roman Sculpture in Asia Minor (JRA Suppl. 80, 2011), 62-76.
  • ‘Introduction’, in B. Dignas, R.R.R. Smith (eds), Historical and Religious Memory in the Ancient World (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 2012), 1-11, with B. Dignas.
  • ‘Defacing the gods at Aphrodisias’, in B. Dignas, R.R.R. Smith (eds), Historical and Religious Memory in the Ancient World (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 2012), 283-326.
  • ‘The Second lives of classical monuments at Aphrodisias’, in T. Stephanidou-Tiveriou (ed), Klasikē paradosē kai veōterika stoicheia stēn plastikē tēs rōmaikēs Elladas (Roman Sculpture in Greece: Classical Tradition and New Elements (Thessaloniki, 2012), 57-73.
  • ‘Aphrodisias, 2010’ 33. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı (Ankara, 2012) IV, 25-58.
  • ‘Monuments for new citizens in Rome and Aphrodisias’, in J.-A. Dickmann, R. von den Hoff, F. Pirson (eds), Kunst von Unten? Stil und Gesellschaft in der antiken Welt von der ‘arte plebea’ bis heuteArte dal basso? Stile e società nel mondo antico, dall’ «arte plebea» ad oggi: in onore di Paul Zanker per il suo 70° compleanno (Reichert, Wiesbaden 2012), 171-184, figs.
  • ‘Statues’ in R. S. Bagnall, K. Brodersen, C. B. Champion, A. Erskine, S. R. Huebner (eds), The Encyclopedia of Ancient History (Wiley-Blackwell 2012).
  • ‘The Greek East under Rome’, in B. Borg (ed), Blackwell Companion to Roman Art (Blackwell, forthcoming 2014), ch. 26.

REVIEWS

  •  J.  Onians, Art and Thought in the Hellenistic Age (1979), in Journal of Hellenic Studies 101 (1981), 222
  •  O. Palagia, Euphranor (1980), in Journal of Hellenic Studies 101 (1981), 212‑213
  •  D. Haynes, Greek Art and the Idea of Freedom (1981), in Classical Review  31 (1981), 317‑318
  •  O.J. Brendel, The Visible Idea: Interpretations of Classical Art (1980), in Journal of Roman Studies 72 (1982), 198‑199
  •  M. Torelli, Typology and Structure of Roman Historical Reliefs (1982), in Journal of Roman Studies 73 (1983), 225‑228
  •  K. Fittschen, Die Bildnistypen der Faustina Minor und die Fecunditas Augustae (1982), in Journal of Roman Studies 73 (1983), 228‑229
  •  J. von Freeden, Oikia Kyrrestou: Studien zum sogenannten Turme der Winde in Athen (1983), in Journal of Hellenic Studies 105 (1985), 230‑1
  •  J.C. Carter, The Sculpture of the Sanctuary of Athena Polias at Priene (1983), in Journal of Hellenic Studies 105 (1985), 233‑234
  •  W. Hoepfner, Arsameia am Nymphaios II: Das Hierothesion des Königs Mithradates I Kallinikos von Kommagene (1983), in Journal of Roman Studies 75 (1985), 275‑277
  •  B.F. Cook, The Elgin Marbles (1985), in Classical Review 36 (1986), 119‑121
  •  K. Fittschen, P. Zanker, Katalog der römischen Porträts in den Capitolinischen Museen I: Kaiser‑ und Prinzenbildnisse (1985), in Journal of Roman Studies 76 (1986), 313‑315
  • M. Waelkens, Die kleinasiatischen Türsteine (1986), in Classical Review 38 (1988), 349‑350
  •  B. Andreae, Die Symbolik der Löwenjagd (1985), in Classical Review 38 (1988), 362‑363
  •  L.A. Scatozza Höricht, Il volto dei filosofi antichi (1986), in Classical Review 38 (1988), 449
  •  S. Wood, Roman Portrait Sculpture, 217‑260 AD (1986), in Journal of Roman Studies 78 (1988), 257‑258
  •  L. Giuliani, Bildnis und Botschaft (1986), in Gnomon 60 (1988), 761‑763
  •  Kaisar Augustus und die verlorene Republik (Exhib. Berlin 1988), in Journal of Roman Studies 79 (1989), 214‑217 
  •  J.J. Pollini, The Portraiture of Gaius and Lucius (1987), in Journal of Roman Studies 79 (1989), 214‑217
  •  B. Andreae, Plinius und der Laokoon (1987), in Journal of Roman Studies 79 (1989), 214‑217
  •  A.M.L. Touati, The Great Trajanic Frieze (1987), in Journal of Roman Studies 79 (1989), 214‑217
  •  B. Andreae, Laokoon und die Gründung Roms (1988), in Gnomon 63 (1991), 351-358
  •  R. Neudecker, Die Skulpturenausstattung römischer Villen in Italien (1988), in Journal of Roman Studies 82 (1992), 270-273
  •  S. Stucchi, Il gruppo bronzeo tiberiano da Cartoceto (1988), in Journal of Roman Studies 82 (1992), 270-273
  •  D. Boschung,Die Bildnisse des Caligula: Das römische Herrscherbild I. 4 (1989), in Journal of Roman Studies 82 (1992), 270-273
  •  R. von den Hoff, Philosophenporträts des Früh- und Hochhellenismus (Munich 1994), American Journal of Archaeology 101 (1997), 414-415
  •  P. Zanker, Die Maske des Sokrates: Das Bild des Intellektuellen in der antiken Kunst (1995), in Gnomon 71 (1999), 448-457
  •  E. Bartman, Portraits of Livia: Imaging the Imperial Woman in Augustan Rome (1999), in Classical Review  51.1 (2001), 143-144
  •  L. Giuliani (ed), Meisterwerke der antiken Kunst  (Munich: Beck), in Journal of Hellenic Studies 126 (2006), 198-9
  •  N. Cahill (ed), Love for Lydia (Harvard 2010), in Journal of Hellenic Studies 131 (2011), 244.