Victoria Smith

Dr Victoria Smith

Associate Professor (Head of Tephrochronology Group)

School of Archaeology
1 South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3TG

Tel: +44 (0)1865 285202


Research interests

Tephrochronology, geochronology, volcanology and igneous petrology
I am a senior research fellow in the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the history of Art. Prior to moving to Oxford in 2009, I was a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol. I obtained my PhD in Geology from the University of Auckland, New Zealand.
My research focuses on the composition of the volcanic deposits (tephra) from large explosive eruptions. The composition of the tephra (glass and minerals) provides a chemical fingerprint that allows these layers to be correlated to other deposits of the same eruption. These layers are ideal for providing absolute (dated using radiocarbon or Ar/Ar methods) and relative chronology for archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records. I also use the composition of the eruption deposits to further understand magmatic processes.


MSc Archaeological Science course coordinator. 

Primary Geographic Area

Japan, Italy (Campi Flegrei volcano), Mexico City, Patagonia (Chile).



Mark, D.F., Renne, P., Dymock, R., Smith, V.C., Simon, J., Morgan, L., Staff, R., Ellis, B., (2017), ‘Radical interpretations’ preclude the use of climatic wiggle matching for resolution of event timings at the highest levels of attainable precision. Quaternary Geochronology, 42, 60-62. doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2017.08.003

Lane, C.S., Lowe, D.J., Blockley, S.P.E., Suzuki, T., Smith, V.C., (2017), Advancing tephrochronology as a global dating tool: Applications in volcanology, archaeology, and palaeoclimatology. Quaternary Geochronology, 40, 1-7. doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2017.04.003

Albert, P., Tomlinson, E.L., Smith, V.C., Di Tragalia, F., Pistolesi, M., Morris, A., Donato, P., De Rosa, R., Sulpizio, R., Keller, J., Rosi, M., Menzies, M.A., (2017), Glass chemistry of pyroclastic deposits from the Aeolian Islands in the last 50 ka: A proximal database for tephrochronology. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research,336, 81-107. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.02.008

Mark, D.F., Renne, P., Dymock, R., Smith, V.C., Simon, J., Morgan, L., Staff, R., Ellis, B., Pearce, N., (2017), The age of the Matuyama-Brunhes Boundary: anchoring of the Pleistocene Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale. Quaternary Geochronology, 39, 1-23. doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2017.01.002

Budd, D., Troll, V., Deegan, F., Jolis, E., Smith, V.C., Whitehouse, M., Harris, C., Freda, C., Hilton, D., Halldórsson, S., Bindeman, I., (2017), Magma reservoir dynamics at Toba caldera, Indonesia, recorded by oxygen isotope zoning in quartz. Scientific Reports 7, 40624. doi:10.1038/srep40624

Martin-Jones, C.M., Lane, C.S., Pearce, N.J.G., Smith, V.C., Lamb, H.F., Oppenheimer, C., Asrat, A., Schaebitz, F., (2017), Glass compositions and tempo of post-17 ka eruptions from the Afar Triangle recorded in sediments from lakes Ashenge and Hayk, Ethiopia. Quaternary Geochronology, 37, 15-31. doi: 10.1016/j.quageo.2016.10.001


Rawson, H., Keller, T., Fontijn, K., Pyle, D.M., Mather, T.A., Smith, V.C., Naranjo, J.A., (2016), Compositional variability in mafic arc magmas over short spatial and temporal scales: Evidence for the signature of mantle reactive melt channels. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 456, 66-77. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.09.056

McLean, D., Albert, P.A., Nakagawa, T., Staff, R.A., Suzuki, T., Suigetsu 2006 Project Members, Smith, V.C., (2016), Identification of the Changbaishan ‘Millennium’ (B-Tm) eruption deposit in the Lake Suigetsu (SG06) sedimentary archive, Japan: Synchronisation of hemispheric-wide palaeoclimate archives. Quaternary Science Reviews, 150, 301-307.doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.08.022

Duckworth, C.N., Mattingly, D.J., Chenery, S., Smith, V.C., (2016), End of the Line? Glass Bangles, Technology, Recycling, and Trade in Islamic North Africa. Journal of Glass Studies, 58, 135.

Ivanova, S., Gurova, M., Spassov, N., Hristova, L., Tzankov, N., Popov, V., Marinova, E., Makedonska, J., Smith, V., Ottoni, C., Lewis, M., (2016), Magura Cave, Bulgaria: a multidisciplinary study of Late Pleistocene human palaeoenvironment in the Balkans. Quaternary International, 415, 86-108. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2015.11.082

Smith, V.C., Isaia, R., Engwell, S.L., Albert, P.G., (2016), Tephra dispersal during the Campanian Ignimbrite (Italy) eruption: Implications for ultra-distal ash transport during the large caldera-forming eruption. Bulletin of Volcanology, 78, 45. doi:10.1007/s00445-016-1037-0

Rawson, H., Pyle, D., Mather, T., Smith, V.C., Fontijn, K., Lachowycz, S., Naranjo, H., (2016), The magmatic and eruptive response of arc volcanoes to deglaciation: temporal variability driven by changing crustal stresses. Geology, 4, 251–254. doi:10.1130/G37504.1 

Stock, M., Humphreys, M., Smith, V.C., Isaia, R., Pyle, D.M., (2016), Late-stage volatile saturation as a potential trigger for explosive volcanic eruptions. Nature Geoscience, 9, 249–254. doi:10.1038/ngeo2639

Duckworth, C.N., Mattingly, D.J., Chenery, S., Smith, V.C., (2016), End of the Line? Glass Bangles, Technology, Recycling, and Trade in Islamic North Africa. Journal of Glass Studies, 59. 


Lane, C.S. Brauer, A., Martín-Puertas, C., Blockley, S.P.E., Smith, V.C., Tomlinson, E.L., (2015), The Late Quaternary tephrostratigraphy of annually laminated sediments from Meerfelder Maar, Germany. Quaternary Science Reviews, 122, 192-206.  doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.05.025

Rawson, H., Naranjo, J.A., Smith, V.C., Fontijn, K., Pyle, D.M., Mather, T.A., Moreno, H., (2015), The frequency and magnitude of post-glacial explosive eruptions at Volcán Mocho-Choshuenco, southern Chile. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 299, 103-129. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.04.003 

Bronk Ramsey, C., Albert, P.G., Blockley, S.P., Hardiman, M., Lane, C.S., Lee, S., Matthews, I.P., Smith, V.C., Lowe, J., (2015), Improved age estimates for key Late Quaternary European tephra horizons in the RESET lattice. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 18-32. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.11.007

Bronk Ramsey, C., Housley, R.A., Lane, C.S., Smith, V.C., Pollard, A.M., (2015), The RESET database and associated analytical tools. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 33-47. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.11.008

Tomlinson E.L., Smith, V.C., Albert, P.G., Aydar, E., Civetta, L., Cioni, R., Çubukçu, E., Gertisser, R., Isaia, R., Menzies, M., Orsi, G., Rosi, M., Zanchetta, G., (2015), The major and trace element glass compositions of the productive Mediterranean volcanic sources: Tools for correlating distal tephra layers in and around Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 48-66. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.10.028

Barton. N., Lane, C., Albert, P.G., White, D., Collcut, S.N., Bouzouggar, A., Ditchfield, P., Farr, L., Oh, A., Ottolini, L., Smith, V.C., Van Peer, P., Kindermann, K., (2015), The role of cryptotephra in refining the chronology of Late Pleistocene human evolution and cultural change in North Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 151-169.  doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.09.008

Karkanas, P., White, D., Lane, C.S., Stringer, C., Davis, W., Cullen, V.L., Smith, V.C., Ntinou, M., Tsartsidou, G., Kyparissi-Apostolika, N., (2015), Tephra correlations and climatic events between the MIS6/5 transition and the beginning of MIS3 in Theopetra Cave, central Greece. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 170-181.  doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.05.027

Albert, P.G., Hardiman, M., Keller, J., Tomlinson E.L., Smith, V.C., Bourne, A.J., Wulf, S., Zanchetta, G., Sulpizio, R., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Ottolini, L., Matthews, I.P., Blockley, S.P., Menzies, M.A., (2015), Revisiting the Y-3 tephrostratigraphic marker: a new diagnostic glass geochemistry, age estimate, and details on its climatostratigraphical context. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 105-121.  doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.04.002

Satow, C., Tomlinson, E.L., Grant, K.M., Albert, P.G., Smith, V.C, Manning, C.J., Ottolini, L., Wulf, S., Rohling, E.J., Lowe, J.J., Blockley, S.P.E., Menzies, M.A., (2015), A new contribution to the Late Quaternary tephrostratigraphy of the Mediterranean: Aegean Sea Core LC21. Quaternary Science Reviews, 117, 96-112. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.04.005

Stock, M., Humphreys, M.C.S., Smith, V.C., Johnson, R.D., Pyle, D.M., EIMF. (2015), New constraints on electron-beam induced halogen migration in apatite. American Mineralogist (Special Collection: Apatite: A common mineral, uncommonly versatile), 100, 281-293. doi:10.2138/am-2015-4949


Blinkhorn, J., Smith, V.C., Achyuthan, H., Shipton, C., Jones, S. C., Ditchfield, P. D., Petraglia, M.D., (2014), Discovery of Youngest Toba Tuff localities in the Sagileru Valley, south India, in association with Palaeolithic industries. Quaternary Science Reviews (Short Communication), 105, 239–243 doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.09.029

Cullen, V.L., Smith, V.C., Arz, H.W., (2014), The detailed tephrostratigraphy of a core from the south-east Black Sea spanning the last ~60 ka. Journal of Quaternary Science, 29, 675–690. doi: 10.1002/jqs.2739

Tomlinson E.L., Albert, P.G., Wulf, S., Brown, R.J., Smith, V.C., Keller, J., Orsi, G., Bourne, A.J., Menzies, M.A., (2014), Age and geochemistry of tephra layers from Ischia, Italy: constraints from proximal-distal correlations with Lago Grande di Monticchio. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 287, 22-39. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.09.006

Adler, D. S., Wilkinson, K. N., Blockley, S., Mark, D.F., Pinhasi, R., Schmidt-Magee, B.A., Nahapetyan, S., Mallol, C., Berna, F., Glauberman, P.J., Raczynski-Henk, Y., Wales, N., Frahm, E., Jöris, O., MacLeod, A., Smith, V.C., Cullen, V.L., Gasparian, B. , (2014), Early Levallois technology and the Lower to Middle Paleolithic transition in the Southern Caucasus, Science, 345,1609-1613. doi:10.1126/science.1256484

Costa, A., Smith, V.C., Macedonio, G., Matthews, N. , (2014), The magnitude and impact of the Youngest Toba Tuff super-eruption. Frontiers in Earth, Science, 2,1-8. doi:10.3389/feart.2014.00016

Cross, J.K., Tomlinson, E.L., Giordano, G., Smith, V.C., De Benedetti, A.A., Roberge, J., Manning, C., Wulf, S., Menzies, M.A., (2014), High level triggers for explosive mafic volcanism: Albano Maar, Italy, Lithos, ,, 190-191,137-153. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2013.11.001

Lane, C.S., Cullen, V.L., White, D., Bramham-Law, C.C.W.F., Smith, V.C., (2014), Cryptotephra as a dating and correlation tool in archaeology, Journal of Archaeological Science, ,42, 42-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2013.10.033

Mark, D.F., Petraglia, M., Smith, V.C., Morgan, L.E., Barfod, D.N., Ellis, B.S., Pearce, N.J., Pal, J.N., Korisettar, R., (2014), A high-precision 40Ar/39Ar age for the Young Toba Tuff and dating of ultra-distal tephra: forcing of Quaternary climate and implications for hominin occupation of India, Quaternary Geochronology, 21,90-103. doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2012.12.004

Smith, V.C, C.N. Waters, J.A., Zalasiewicz, M. Williams, M.A. Ellis & A.N. Snelling (Eds). , (2014), Volcanic markers for dating the onset of the Anthropocene. In: A Stratigraphical Basis for the Anthropocene, Geological Society of London Special Publications, 395,283-299. doi:10.1144/SP395.11 


Albert, P. G., Tomlinson, E.L., Lane, C.S., Wulf, S., Smith, V.C., Coltelli, M., Keller, J., Lo Castro, D., Manning, C.J., Muller, W., Menzies, M.A. , (2013), Late glacial explosive activity on Mount Etna: Implications for proximal-distal tephra correlations and the synchronisation of Mediterranean archives, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, , 265, 9-26. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2013.07.010

Amigo, Á., Lara, L.E., and Smith, V.C. , (2013), Holocene record of large explosive eruptions from Chaitén and Michinmahuida volcanoes, Chile, Andean Geology, 40,227-248. doi: 10.5027/andgeoV40n2-a03

Berlo, K., Tuffen, H., Smith, V.C., Castro, J., Pyle, D.M., Mather, T. A., Geraki, T. , (2013), Element variations in rhyolitic magma resulting from gas transport, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 121,436-451. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.07.032

Domínguez-Rodrigo, M., Pickering, T.R., Baquedano, E., Mabulla, A., Mark, D.F., Musiba, C., Bunn, H.T., Uribelarrea, D., Smith, V., Diez-Martin, F., Pérez-González, A., Sánchez, P., Santonja, M., Barboni, D., Gidna, A., Ashley, G., Yravedra, J., Heaton, J.L., Arriaza, M.C., (2013), First Partial Skeleton of a 1.34-million-year-old Paranthropus boisei from Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, PLOS ONE , 8 ,80347. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080347

Shane, P., and Smith, V.C, (2013), Using amphibole crystals to reconstruct magma storage temperatures and pressures for the post-caldera collapse volcanism at Okataina volcano., Lithos, 156-159,159-170 DOI: 10.1016/J.LITHOS.2012.11.008

Smith, V.C., Staff, R.A., Blockley, S.P.E., Bronk Ramsey, C., Nakagawa, T., Mark, D.F., Takemura, K., Danhara, T., (2013), Identification and correlation of visible tephras in the Lake Suigetsu SG06 sedimentary archive, Japan: Chronostratigraphic markers for synchronising of east Asian/west Pacific Pacific palaeoclimatic records for 150ka, Quaternary Science Reviews, 61,121-137

Staff, R.A., Nakagawa, T., Schlolaut, G., Marshall, M.H., Brauer, A., Lamb, H.F., Bronk Ramsey, C., Bryant, C.L., Brock, F., Kitagawa, H., van der Plicht, J. Payne, R.L., Smith, V.C., Mark, D.F., MacLeod, A., Blockley, S.,P.E., Schwenninger, J., Tarasov, P.E., Haraguchi, T., Gotanda, K., Yonenobu, H., Yokoyama, Y & Suigetsu 2006 project members., (2013), The multiple chronological techniques applied to the Lake Suigetsu (SG06) sediment core, Boreas, 42 (2),259-266 


Matthews, N.E., Pyle, D.M., Smith, V.C., Wilson, C.J.N., Huber, C & van Hinsberg, V, (2012), Quartz zoning and the pre-eruptive evolution of the ~340 ka Whakamaru magma systems, New Zealand, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 163,87-107

Albert, P. G., Tomlinson, E.L., Smith, V. C., Di Roberto, A., Todman, A., Rosi, M.,Marani, M., Muller, W. & Menzies, M.A, (2012), Continental-marine tephra correlations: volcanic glass geochemistry from the Aeolian Islands, Italy, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. , 229-230,74-94 doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.03.009

Costa, A., Folch, A., Macedonio, G., Giaccio, B., Isaia, R., & Smith, V.C. , (2012), Transport and impact of volcanic ash from the Campanian Ignimbrite super-eruption, Geophysical Research Letters, 39,L10310. doi:10.1029/2012GL051605 (GRL Editor Highlight)

Haslam M., Clarkson C., Roberts R.G., Bora J., Korisettar R., Ditchfield P., Chivas A.R., Harris C., Smith V., Oh A., Eksambekar S., Boivin N. & Petraglia M. , (2012), A southern Indian Middle Palaeolithic occupation surface sealed by the 74 ka Toba eruption: Further evidence from Jwalapuram Locality 22, Quaternary International, 258,148-164

Lane, C.S., Blockley, S.P.E., Mangerud, J., Smith, V.C., Lohne, Ø.S., Tomlinson, E.L., Matthews, I.P. and Lotter, A.F. , (2012), Was the 12.1 ka Icelandic Vedde Ash one of a kind?, Quaternary Science Reviews, 33,87-99

Lowe, J., Barton, N., Blockley, S., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cullen, V.L., Davis, W., Gamble, C., Grant, K., Hardiman, M., Housley, R., Lane, C.S., Lee, S., Lewis, M., MacLeod, A., Menzies, M., Muller, W., Pollard, M., Price, C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Satow, C., Smith, V.C., Stringer, C.B., Tomlinson, E.L., White, D. Albert, P., Arienzo, I., Barker, G., Boric, D., Carandente, A., Civetta, L., Ferrier, C., Gaudelli, J., Karkanas, P., Koumouzelis,, (2012), Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazards, PNAS, 34,13532-13537 (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1204579109)

Matthews, N.E., Huber, C., Pyle, D.M., & Smith, V.C. , (2012), Timescales of magma recharge and reactivation of large silicic systems from Ti diffusion in quartz. , Journal of Petrology, 53,1385-1416 doi:10.1093/petrology/egs020

Matthews, N.E., Smith, V.C., Costa, A., Durant, A.J., Pyle, D.M. and Pearce, N.J.G. , (2012), Ultra-distal tephra deposits from super-eruptions: examples from Toba, Indonesia and the Taupo Volcani Zone, New Zealand. , Quaternary International (Toba special volume), 258,54-79

Tomlinson, E.L., Arienzo, I., Wulf, S., Smith, V.C., Carandente, A., Civetta, L., Hardiman, M., Lane, C.S., Orsi, G., Rosi, M., Thirlwall, M., Muller, W., and Menzies, M.A., (2012), Geochemistry of the Plegraean Fields (Italy) proximal Campi Flegrei sources for major Mediterranean tephras (C-1, C-2, Y-3 & Y- 5) Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta , Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 93,102-128

Tomlinson, E.L., Kinvig, H.S., Smith, V.C., Blundy, J.D., Gottsmann, J., Muller, W. & Menzies, M.A., (2012), The Upper and Lower Nisyros Pumpices: Revisions to the Mediterranean tephrostratigraphic record using mircon-beam glass geochemistry, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 243-244,69-80 (DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.07.004

Tomlinson, E.L., Thordarson, T., Lane. C.S., Manning, C.J., Smith, V.C., Müller, M, and Menzies, M.A, (2012), Petrogenesis of the Sólheimar Ignimbrite (Katla, Iceland): implications for tephrostratigraphy, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 86,318-337 doi:10.1016/j.gca.2012.03.012 


Lane, C.S., Haslam, M., Petraglia, M., Ditchfield, P., Smith, V.C. & Korisettar, R., (2011), Cryptotephra from the 74 kyr BP Toba super-eruption in the Billa Surgam caves, southern India, Quaternary Science Reviews, 30: 1819-1824

Smith, V.C., Isaia, R., & Pearce, N.J.G, (2011), Tephrostratigraphy and glass compositions of post-15 kyr Campi Flegrei eruptions: implications for eruption history and chronostratigraphic markers, Quaternary Science Reviews, 30,3638-3660 

Smith, V.C., Mark, D.F., Staff, R.A., Blockley, S.P.E., Bronk-Ramsey, C., Bryant, C.L., Nakagawa, T., Han, K.K., Weh, A., Takemura, K., Danhara, T. & Suigetsu 2006 Project Members, (2011), Toward establishing precise Ar/Ar chronologies for Late Pleistocene palaeoclimate archives: an example from the Lake Suigetsu (Japan) sedimentary record, Quaternary Science Reviews, 30,2845-2850

Smith, V.C., Pearce, N.J.G., Matthews, N.E., Westgate, J.A., Petraglia, M.D., Haslam, M., Lane, C.S., Korisettar, R. & Pal, N.J. , (2011), Geochemical fingerprinting the widespread Toba tephra using biotite compositions., Quaternary International, 246,doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.05.012


Smith, V.C., Shane, P., Nairn, I.A. , (2010), Insights into silicic melt generation using plagioclase, quartz and melt inclusions from the caldera-forming Rotoiti eruption, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 160,951-971 


Smith, V.C., Blundy, J.D. & Arce, J.L., (2009), A temporal record of magma accumulation and evolution beneath Nevado de Toluca, Mexico, preserved in plagioclase phenocrysts, Journal of Petrology, 50,405-426


Shane, P., Nairn, I.A., Smith, V.C., Darragh, M., Beggs, K. & Cole, J.W., (2008), Silicic recharge of multiple rhyolite magmas by basalt intrusion during the 22.6 ka Okareka Eruption Episode, New Zealand, Lithos, 103,527-569

Shane, P., Smith, V.C. & Nairn, I.A., (2008), Millennial timescale resolution of rhyolite magma recharge at Tarawera Volcano: insights from quartz chemistry and melt inclusions, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 156,397-411

Shane, P.A., Narin, I.A., Martin, S.B. & Smith, V.C., (2008), Compositional heterogeneity in tephra deposits resulting from the eruption of multiple magma bodies: implications for tephrochronology, Quaternary International, 178,44-53

Smith, V.C., Shane, P.A. & Nairn, I.A., (2008), Using quartz and plagioclase to gain insight into chemical and thermal evolution of the Rotoiti magma prior to the caldera-forming eruption ±55 ka, New Zealand, IOP Conf. Series, : Proceedings of Collapse Calderas Workshop, Quertaro, Mexico, October 19-25, 2008


Shane, P.A., Martin, S.B., Smith, V.C., Beggs, K.F., Darragh, M.B., Cole, J.W. & Nairn, I.A., (2007), Multiple rhyolite magmas and basalt injection in the 17.7 ka Rerewhakaaitu eruption episode from Tarawera volcanic complex, New Zealand, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 164,1-26 


Smith, V.C., Shane, P.A., Nairn, I.A, & Williams, C.M., (2006), Geochemistry and magmatic properties of eruption episodes from Haroharo Linear Vent Zone, Okataina Volcanic Centre, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand during the last 10 kyr, Bulletin of Volcanology, 69,57-88


Kobayashi, T., Nairn, I., Smith, V. & Shane, P., (2005), Proximal stratigraphy and event sequence of the ~5.5 ka Whakatane rhyolite eruption episode from Haroharo volcano, Okataina Volcanic Centre, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 48,471-490 

Shane, P., Nairn, I.A. & Smith, V.C., (2005), Magma mingling in the ~50 ka Rotoiti eruption from Okataina Volcanic Centre: implications for geochemical diversity and chronology of large volume rhyolites, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 139,295-313

Shane, P., Smith, V.C., & Nairn, I.A., (2005), High temperature rhyodacites of the 36 ka Hauparu pyroclastic eruption, Okataina Volcanic Centre, New Zealand: change in a silicic magmatic system following caldera collapse, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 147,357-376

Smith, V.C., Shane, P. & Nairn, I.A., (2005), Trends in rhyolite geochemistry, mineralogy, and magma storage during the last 50 kyr at Okataina and Taupo volcanic centres, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 148,372-406


Smith, V.C., Shane, P.A., & Nairn, I.A., (2004), Reactivation of a Rhyolitic Magma Body by new Rhyolitic Intrusion before the 15.8 ka Rotorua Eruptive Episode: Implications for Magma Storage in the Okataina Volcanic Centre, New Zealand, Journal of the Geological Society, London, 161,757-773 


Shane, P., Smith, V., and Nairn, I. , (2003), Biotite composition as a tool for the identification of Quaternary tephra beds, Quaternary Research, 59,261-270

Shane, P., Smith, V.C., Lowe, D. & Nairn, I.A., (2003), Re-identification of c. 15 700 cal. Yr BP tephra bed at Kaipo Bog, eastern North Island: implications for dispersal of Rotorua and Puketarata tephra beds, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 46,591-596


Smith, V.C., and Shane, P.A., (2002), Geochemical characteristics of the widespread Tahuna tephra, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 45,103-107

Smith, V.C., Shane, P.A., and Smith, I.E.M.., (2002), Tephrostratigraphy and geochemical fingerprinting of the Mangaone Subgroup tephra beds, Okataina Volcanic Centre, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 45,207-219

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