Alfred's Castle

Part of the Hillforts of the Ridgeway Project

Fieldwork in 1998, 1999 and 2000
Fieldwork in 1998, 1999 and 2000

Results of the excavation have been published:

Gosden, C. and Lock, G. 2013. Histories in the making, Excavations at Alfred's Castle 1998-2000, Oxford University School of Archaeology.

See the following article for a discussion of the site within its landscape setting:

Gosden, C. and Lock, G. 2003. Becoming Roman on the Berkshire Downs: the evidence from Alfred’s Castle. Britannia, 34, pp.65-80.

Alfred’s Castle is a small enclosure that lies a couple of kilometres south of the Ridgeway. It has a large enclosure attached that shows as a cropmark, excavation showed this to be contemporary with the small enclosure, started c.6th century BC. The hillfort was established within a series of late Bronze Age linear ditches and revealed much evidence for occupation within it. In the late first century AD a Romano-British farmhouse was built within the abandoned prehistoric enclosure.

Romano-British farmstead overlying Iron Age pits
Romano-British farmstead overlying Iron Age pits

The artist Simon Callery also worked with us at Alfred’s Castle producing a remarkable piece of work called Trench 10 – a full-size plaster cast of a 20m by 2m chalk surface.

Plaster Cast of Trench

Reports are available for download here

application/pdf Section 1.6 Additional aerial photos of the site.pdf (640.2 KiB)

application/pdf Section 2.2.2 Stratascan colour figs..pdf (1.1 MiB)

application/pdf Section 2.3.1 S Callery artwork.pdf (1.5 MiB)

application/pdf Section 3.2.1 Radiocarbon dating graphs.pdf (1.1 MiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.1 Trench 1 physical description by context.pdf (306.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.2 Trench 2 physical description by context.pdf (404.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.3 Trenches 3A and 3B phys descr.pdf (235.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.4 Trench 4 phys descr for website.pdf (305.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.5 Trench 5 phys descr.pdf (879.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.6 Trenches 6A and 6B phys descr.pdf (199.6 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.7 Trench 7 phys descr.pdf (188.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.8 Trench 8 phys descr.pdf (189.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.9 Trench 9 phys descr.pdf (187.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.10 Trench 10 phys descr.pdf (209.8 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.11 Trench 11 phys descr.pdf (210.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.12 Trench 12 phys descr.pdf (208.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.13 Trench 13 phys descr.pdf (203.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.14 Trench 14 phys descr.pdf (199.2 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.15 Trench 15 phys descr.pdf (196.7 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.16 Trench 16 phys descr.pdf (201.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.17 Trench 17 phys descr.pdf (113.7 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.18 Trench 18 phys descr.pdf (118.6 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.19 Trench 19 phys descr.pdf (201.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.20 Trenches 20A-20J phys descr.pdf (292.8 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.21 Trenches 21A and 21B phys descr.pdf (207.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.4.22 Trench 22 phys descr.pdf (205.7 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.5.1 Additional sections Tr 2.pdf (529.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.5.2 Additional sections Trench 5.pdf (353.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 3.5.3 Additonal drawings of Trenches 6, 15, 18, 20 and 22.pdf (579.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.0 AC book ch4.pdf (16.1 MiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1 Prehistoric pottery.pdf (293.7 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.1 Prehistoric pottery by context.pdf (1.0 MiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.2 Prehistoric pottery by context part 2.pdf (554.7 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.3 Prehist pot by trench.pdf (1.0 MiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.4 Prehistoric pottery by decoration.pdf (460.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.5 Prehistoric pottery fabric quant.pdf (139.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.6 Prehist pot by form.pdf (470.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.7 Prehistoric pot form data.pdf (694.4 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.8 Prehist pot illus sherds.pdf (447.2 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.9 Prehistoric pottery by phase.pdf (399.6 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.10 Prehist pot Pit 4063.pdf (196.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.11 Prehistoric pot with surface cond C.pdf (173.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.12 Prehist pot total count & wt.pdf (168.6 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.13 Prehist pot from Trench 3.pdf (186.8 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.1.11.14 Prehist pot from Trench 4.pdf (245.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.2 Romano-British pottery docx.pdf (238.4 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.2.7 R-B pot in other trenches Worksheet 3.pdf (64.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.2.7 R-B pot in Tr 12 & 15 Worksheet 2.pdf (184.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.2.7 Rom-Brit pot in villa trenches Worksheet 1.pdf (848.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.3 Fired clay report.pdf (123.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.3.7 Fired Clay recording sheet 1.pdf (11.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.3.7 Fired Clay recording sheet 2.pdf (25.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.3.7 Fired Clay recording sheet 3.pdf (34.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.3.7 Fired Clay recording sheet 4.pdf (48.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.3.7 Fired Clay recording sheet 5.pdf (43.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.3.8 Chalk loomweight.pdf (111.4 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.4.2 Stone roof tile pictures.pdf (1.6 MiB)

application/pdf Section 4.5.1 Plaster petrography.pdf (143.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.1 Trench 1 Non-copper alloy finds.pdf (192.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.2 Trenches 1A, 1E and 1H non-copper alloy finds.pdf (95.4 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.3 Trench 2 non-copper alloy objects.pdf (310.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.4 Trench 3B non-copper alloy finds.pdf (178.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.5 Trench 4 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (182.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.6 Trench 5 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (213.8 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.7 Trench 6B non-copper alloy finds.pdf (88.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.8 Trench 11 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (368.2 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.9 Trench 12 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (190.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.10 Trench 13 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (211.8 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.11 Trench 14 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (199.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.12 Trench 15 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (213.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.13 Trench 16 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (290.6 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.14 Trench 17 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (186.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.15 Trench 18 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (227.8 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.16 Trench 19 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (200.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.17 Trenches 20B, 20C and 20G non-copper alloy finds.pdf (179.8 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.4.18 Trench 22 non-copper alloy finds.pdf (175.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.6.5 Metal other than Cu alloy catalogue.pdf (196.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.8.4 Copper alloy catalogue .pdf (128.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.9.2 Coin catalogue.pdf (116.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.10.6 Addtional flint tables for website.pdf (193.4 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.11.2 Worked Stone Catalogue for website.pdf (185.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.12.1 Roman glass catalogue.pdf (113.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.13.3 Worked bone and antler catalogue.pdf (238.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 4.14.5 SEM images of worked bone & antler.pdf (2.8 MiB)

application/pdf Section 5.0 AC book ch5.pdf (1.5 MiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.4 & 5.1.5 Trench 1.pdf (314.6 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.6 Trench 2, Part 1.pdf (886.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.7 Trench 2, Part 2 Roman.pdf (1.0 MiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.8 Trench 2, Part 3-EarlyMedieval.pdf (545.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.9 Trench 3.pdf (306.8 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.10 Trench 4.pdf (746.7 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.11 Trench 5.pdf (1.8 MiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.12 Trench 6.pdf (318.5 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.13 Trenches 7, 8 and 9.pdf (201.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.14 Trench 10.pdf (387.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.15 Trench 11.pdf (329.7 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.16 Trench 13.pdf (192.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.17 Trench 14.pdf (196.6 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.18 Trench 15.pdf (226.4 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.19 Trench 16.pdf (210.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.20 Trench 17.pdf (229.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.21 Trench 18.pdf (258.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.22 Trench 19.pdf (293.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.23 Trenches 20 and 21.pdf (209.2 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.24 Appendix - bone measurements.pdf (321.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.25 animal bone.pdf (218.6 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.1.26 Bibliography.pdf (180.1 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.2 Carbon and nitrogen isotopes of domestic animals.pdf (1.0 MiB)

application/pdf Section 5.4 Human Remains_website.pdf (649.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.5 Analysis of blue skull frags.pdf (106.4 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.6.5 Charred plant remains.pdf (341.9 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.6.6 Seed samples which were scanned but not quantified in full.pdf (143.0 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.6.7 Seed samples samples scanned but not fully quantified.pdf (613.4 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.6.8 Samples without seed.pdf (153.2 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.7.6 Charcoal identifications.pdf (144.2 KiB)

application/pdf Section 5.7.7 SEM images of charcoal from Alfred’s Castle.pdf (1.5 MiB)

application/pdf Section I Final Table of Contents.pdf (196.6 KiB)

application/pdf Section III Website Plates.pdf (172.3 KiB)

application/pdf Section II Website Figures.pdf (195.4 KiB)

application/pdf Section IV. Website tables.pdf (223.7 KiB)

application/pdf Section VI Errata.pdf (172.8 KiB)

application/pdf Section V website introduction.pdf (179.3 KiB)