AGRICURB Resources


[R]chaeology is a blog maintained by Erika Nitsch designed to help new users become acquainted with the statistical and graphical possibilities of the programming language R. “Chemistry and archaeology… how does that work?” is a blog by Amy Styring that explores the ways in which science and archaeology can be combined. For scientists and non-scientists alike.


Isaakidou, V., Halstead, P., Stroud, E., Sarpaki, A., Hatzaki, E., Nitsch, E. and Bogaard, A. 2022. Changing land use and political economy at Neolithic and Bronze Age Knossos, Crete: Stable carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) isotope analysis of charred crop grains and faunal bone collagen. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society.

Styring, A.K., Carmona, C.U., Isaakidou, V., Karathanou, A., Nicholls, G.K., Sarpaki, A. and Bogaard, A. 2022. Urban form and scale shaped the agroecology of early ‘cities’ in northern Mesopotamia, the Aegean and central Europe. Journal of Agrarian Change 22: 831-854.

Vaiglova, P., Coleman, J., Diffey, C., Tzevelekidi, V., Fillios, M., Pappa, M., Halstead, P., Valamoti, S.M., Cavanagh, W., Renard, J., Buckley, M. and Bogaard, A. 2021. Exploring diversity in Neolithic agropastoral management in mainland Greece using stable isotope analysis. Environmental Archaeology.

Diffey, C., Neef, R., Seeher, J. and Bogaard, A. 2020. The agroecology of an early state: new results from Hattusha. Antiquity 94: 1204-1223.

Isaakidou, V., Styring, A., Halstead,P., Nitsch, E., Stroud, E., le Roux, P., Lee-Thorp, J., and A. Bogaard. 2019 From texts to teeth: A multi-isotope study of sheep and goat herding practices in the Late Bronze Age (‘Mycenaean’) polity of Knossos, Crete.  Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 23: 36-56

Nitsch, E., Lamb, A., Heaton, T., Vaiglova, P., Fraser, R., Hartman, G., Moreno‐Jiménez, E., López‐Piñeiro, A., Peña‐Abades, D., Fairbairn, A., Eriksen, J., and A. Bogaard. 2018.  The Preservation and Interpretation of δ34S Values in Charred Archaeobotanical Remains. Archaeometry.

Styring, A., Evans, J., Nitsch, E., Lee-Thorp, J. and A., Bogaard. 2018. Revisiting the potential of carbonised grain to preserve biogenic 87Sr/86Sr signatures within the burial environment. Archaeometry.

Vaiglova, P., Halstead, P., Pappa, M., Triantaphyllou, S.,  Valamoti, S.M., Evans, J. Fraser, R., Karkanas, P., Kay, A., Lee-Thorp, J., and A. Bogaard. 2018. Of cattle and feasts: Multi-isotope investigation of animal husbandry and communal feasting at Neolithic Makriyalos, northern Greece. PLOS one.

Alagich, R., Gardeisen, A., Alonso, N., Rovira, N. and A. Bogaard. 2018. Using stable isotopes and functional weed ecology to explore social differences in early urban contexts: the case of Lattara in mediterranean France. Journal of Archaeological Science 93: 135-149.

Bogaard, A., Styring, A., Whitlam, J., Fochesato, M. and Bowles, S. 2018. Farming, inequality and urbanization: a comparative analysis of late prehistoric northern Mesopotamia and south-west Germany. In Ten Thousand Years of Inequality: The Archaeology of Wealth Differences, edited by Timothy A. Kohler and Michael E. Smith. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, Amerind Seminar Series, pp. 201-229.

Styring, A., Rösch, M., Stephan, E., Stika, H., Fischer, E., Sillmann, M., and A. Bogaard. 2017. Centralisation and long-term change in farming regimes: Comparing agricultural practices in Neolithic and Iron Age south-west Germany. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 1-25. doi:10.1017/ppr.2017.3

Styring, A.K., M. Charles, F. Fantone, M.M. Hald, A. McMahon, R.H. Meadow, G.K. Nicholls, A.K. Patel, M.C. Pitre, A. Smith, A. Sołtysiak, G. Stein, J.A. Weber, H. Weiss and A. Bogaard 2017. Isotope evidence for agricultural extensification reveals how the world’s first cities were fedNature Plants 3:17076.

Nitsch, E., S. Andreou, A. Creuzieux, A. Gardeisen, P. Halstead, V. Isaakidou, A. Karathanou, D. Kotsachristou, D. Nikolaidou, A. Papanthimou, C. Petridou, S. Triantaphyllou, S. Valamoti, A. Vasileiadou and A. Bogaard. 2017. A bottom-up view of food surplus: Using stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis to investigate agricultural strategies and diet at Bronze Age Archontiko and Thessaloniki Toumba, northern Greece. World Archaeology.

Bogaard, A., A. Styring, M. Ater, Y. Hmimsa, L. Green, E. Stroud, J. Whitlam, C. Diffey, E. Nitsch, M. Charles, G. Jones and J. Hodgson 2016. From Traditional Farming in Morocco to Early Urban Agroecology in Northern Mesopotamia: Combining Present-day Arable Weed Surveys and Crop Isotope Analysis to Reconstruct Past Agrosystems in (Semi-)arid Regions. Environmental Archaeology.

Styring, A., Ater M., Hmimsa Y., Fraser R., Miller H., Neef R., Pearson J.A. & Bogaard A. 2016. Disentangling the effect of farming practice from aridity on crop stable isotope values: A present-day model from Morocco and its application to early farming sites in the eastern MediterraneanThe Anthropocene Review, 3(1) 2-22.

Styring, A., Maier, U., Schlichtherle, H. and Bogaard, A., 2016. Cultivation of choice: new insights into farming practices at Neolithic lakeshore sites. Antiquity, 349, 95-110.

Bogaard, A., Hodgson, J., Nitsch, E., Jones, G., Styring, A., Diffey, C., Pouncett, J., Herbig, C., Charles, M., Ertuğ, F., Tugay, O., Filipovic, D., Fraser, R. 2016. Combining functional weed ecology and crop stable isotope ratios to identify cultivation intensity: a comparison of cereal production regimes in Haute Provence, France and Asturias, Spain. Veg. Hist. Archaeobotany, 25, 57-73.

Nitsch, E.K., Charles, M., Bogaard, A. 2015. Calculating a statistically robust δ13C and δ15N offset for charred cereal and pulse seeds. Sci. Technol. Archaeol. Res. 1,

Styring, A., Fraser, R., Arbogast, R-M., Halstead, P., Isaakidou, V., Pearson, J.A., Schäfer, M., Triantaphyllou, S., Valamoti, S.M., Wallace, M., Bogaard, A. and Evershed, R.P. 2015. Refining human palaeodietary reconstruction using amino acid δ15N values of plants, animals and humans. Journal of Archaeological Science, 53, 504-515.

Wallace, M., Jones, G., Charles, M., Fraser, R., Heaton T.H.E. and Bogaard, A. 2015. Stable Carbon Isotope Evidence for Neolithic and Bronze Age Crop Water Management in the Eastern Mediterranean and Southwest Asia. PLoS ONE 10: e0127085.

Styring, A., Fraser, R.A., Bogaard, A. and Evershed, R.P. 2014. The effect of manuring on cereal and pulse amino acid δ15N values. Phytochemistry 102: 40-45.

Styring, A., Fraser, R.A., Bogaard, A. and Evershed, R.P. 2014. Cereal grain, rachis and pulse seed amino acid δ15N values as indicators of plant nitrogen metabolism. Phytochemistry 97: 20-29.

Vaiglova, P., Bogaard, A., Collins, M., Cavanagh, W., Mee, C., Renard, J., Lamb, A., Gardeisen, A. and Fraser, R. 2014. An integrated stable isotope study of plants and animals from Kouphovouno, southern Greece: a new look at Neolithic farming. Journal of Archaeological Science 42: 201-215.

Vaiglova, P., Snoeck, C., Nitsch, E., Bogaard, A. and Lee-Thorp J. 2014. Investigating the most appropriate laboratory pre-treatment method on archaeological charred grain/seed remains for stable isotope analysis (δ13C and δ15N). Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 28: 2497-2510.

Bogaard, A., Fraser, R.A., Heaton, T.H.E., Wallace, M., Vaiglova, P., Charles, M., Jones, G., Evershed, R.P., Styring, A.K., Andersen, N.H., Aerbogast, R.-M., Bartosiewicz, L., Gardeisen, A., Kanstrup, M., Maier, U., Marinova, E., Ninov, L., Schäfer, M. and Stephan, E. 2013. Crop manuring and intensive land management by Europe’s first farmers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (31): 12589-12594.

Bogaard, A., Henton, E., Evans, J.A., Twiss, K.C., Charles, M.P., Vaiglova, P. and Russell, N. 2013. Locating land use at Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Turkey: the implications of 87Sr/86Sr signatures in plants and sheep tooth sequencesArchaeometry (published online).

Fraser, R.A., Bogaard, A., Schäfer, M., Arbogast, R.-M. and Heaton, T.H.E. 2013. Integrating botanical, faunal and human stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values to reconstruct land use and palaeodiet at LBK Vaihingen an der Enz, Baden-Württemberg. World Archaeology 45.3: 492-517.

Fraser, R., Bogaard, A., Charles, M., Styring, A., Wallace, M., Jones, G., Ditchfield, P. and Heaton, T. 2013. Assessing natural variation and the effects of charring, burial and pre-treatment on the stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values of archaeobotanical cereal and pulse remains. Journal of Archaeological Science,  40 (12): 4754-4766.

Styring, A., Manning, H., Fraser, R., Wallace, M., Jones, G., Charles, M., Heaton, T., Bogaard, A. and Evershed, R.P, 2013. The effect of charring and burial on the biochemical composition of cereal grains: Investigating the integrity of archaeological plant material. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40 (12): 4767-4779.

Wallace, M., Jones, G., Charles, M., Fraser, Halstead, P., Heaton, T.H.E. and Bogaard, A. 2013. Stable carbon isotope analysis as a direct means of inferring crop water status and water management practices. World Archaeology 45.3: 388-409.

Styring, A.K., Kuhl, A., Knowles, T.D.J., Fraser, R.A., Bogaard, A. and Evershed, R.P. 2012. Practical considerations in the determination of compound-specific amino acid δ15N values in animal and plant tissues by gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry, following derivitisation to their N-acetylisopropyl esters. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 26: 2328-2334.

Fraser R., Bogaard A., Heaton T., Charles M., Jones G., Christensen B., Halstead P., Merbach I., Poulton P., Sparkes D. and Styring A. 2011. Manuring and stable nitrogen isotope ratios in cereals and pulses: towards a new archaeobotanical approach to the inference of land use and dietary practices. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38, 2790-2804.