My primary research interests concern the flow of material, specifically glass and copper alloys. Much of my earlier research has focused on the Roman and Early Medieval period across the Western Provinces of the Roman Empire, but my current focus in Bronze and Iron Age material from Eastern Europe. I am particularly interested in how the novel interpretation and application of scientific techniques can illuminate complex archaeological questions of sourcing, trading and recycling. My work has focused on recycling as a key part of production cycles, regional markets and the impact of imposition and removal of colonial economies.
I am a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Central Eurasian Bronze Age, as part of the FLAME project. FLAME (Flow of Ancient Metal across Eurasia) is a European Research Council funded project led by Professor Mark Pollard and sets out to investigate the movement, exchange, and transformation of metal in Eurasian societies during the Bronze and Early Iron Age.
I also teach on the Archaeological Science Masters on glass and vitreous materials in the past.
Anyang, the last capital of the Chinese Shang dynasty, became one of the largest metal consumers in Eurasia during the second millennium BCE. However, it remains unclear how Anyang people managed to sustain such a large supply of metal. By considering the chemical analysis of bronze objects within archaeological contexts, this paper shows that the casting and circulation of metal at Anyang was effectively governed by social hierarchy. Objects belonging to the high elites such as Fuhao, particularly the bronze ritual vessels, were made by carefully controlled alloying practice (primary) using very pure copper, whereas the lower elites only had access to bronzes made by secondary alloying practice and copper with more impurities. Such contrasts allow scholars to identify those objects which are less likely to have been made by mixing and recycling, which has very important implications for the chemical and isotopic determination of provenance for future studies.
When Things Stopped Travelling
Rosenow, D, Meek, M, Freestone, I
Things that Travelled Mediterranean Glass in the First Millennium AD
By bringing together such a varied mix of contributors, specialising in a range of geographical areas and chronological time frames, this volume also offers a valuable contribution to broader discussions on glass within political, economic, ...
Geography of Antimony in Roman and Early Medieval Colorless Glass
Journal of Glass Studies
EMASS 2015: A brief report
MALLET, S, SAINSBURY, V, Tompkins, A
Medieval Settlement Research
An Early Medieval Polychrome-Enamelled Brooch from Flaxengate, Lincoln: Continental Fashions in an Anglo-Scandinavian Town